Skin Ulcer Disease In The Elderly
Ulcerative skin disease in the elderly (NCT) is easy to see because the resistance of the elderly is much reduced compared to other ages, in addition, the supply of nutrition for the skin is incomplete or reduced skin pigmentation due to age also causes other conditions such as itching, shingles, psoriasis ...
However, if you know how to keep clean, this common skin problem can be severely limited.
In skin ulcers in the elderly, lower extremity ulcers account for a very high proportion (about 70%) due to the weak one-way valve system of the leg veins, making it difficult for blood to return to the heart, stagnant blood causes skin ulcers. in the lower leg.
The disease may occur on one side or both legs. The disease may also manifest ulceration in the inner ankle due to stagnation of the veins below
NCT's external ankles can also be ulcerated, external ankle ulcers may be related to trauma that causes ulcers caused by unstable walking, slipping or due to some arteries of the lower limbs.
Some older persons have to stay longer because of a number of conditions such as stroke, traumatic fracture injury or long term cast.
Weakness that cannot move, cannot change its position or wants to move, wants to change its position but without support, the areas of high pressure are also very likely to cause ulcers such as the buttocks, shoulder blades, two ribs , occipital area, heel ...
These types of skin ulcers in older people due to the pressure are mainly due to the lack of nutrients in the skin in that area because the blood does not circulate for a long time.
Some older skin ulcers can be caused by malnutrition due to lack of food (both in quantity and quality) or inability to eat due to illness, so the muscle layer, subcutaneous fat layer is much thinner and If there is too much pressure, the skin will become ulcerated.
In some older adults, the pain of spinal cord trauma and loss of sensation can also be affected by a stroke
Today, people often refer to skin ulcers in patients with diabetes because blood vessels in some areas, such as diabetic feet, are damaged so that blood cannot reach the skin ulcers.
Some older persons suffer from poor sanitation because of their advanced age, weak health, and lack of caregivers, and daily washing and washing are also prone to skin ulcers. Skin ulcers can easily cause infections.
Older people have significantly reduced resistance due to age, so the older skin becomes wrinkled, less elastic, drier so the older skin is very susceptible to disease.
The most common disease is itching. Itching may be purely due to a decrease in hormones in the body (such as testosterol), but itching in NCT can also be caused by atopic dermatitis.
Most older persons often develop keratosis, causing the skin surface in the area to become dry and rough. NCT can also get shingles - a disease caused by the Zoster virus, and shingles can also cause patches, which can cause soreness and infection.
Psoriasis is also a very common disease in the elderly, the elderly can also develop vitiligo due to melamine melanoma of the skin, making the skin white like the color of the paper.
In addition, people also encounter some skin diseases in the elderly, such as autoimmune disease, skin rash, desquamation, tinea versicolor, ringworm or skin cancer.
In skin diseases in older persons, skin ulcer is one of the most troublesome diseases not only for patients but also for the whole family.
Hygiene is an effective measure to prevent skin diseases in older persons Depending on the cause, there are measures to prevent skin ulcers for the elderly.
When older persons have to lie down for a long time, even if they cannot sit up, their family members and caregivers need to change positions for the sick. Areas with lots of cramps need to be cleaned and massaged daily.
If possible, allow the patient to use a cushion for a long-lying, sedentary person (for example using a steam mattress or water).
Some antibiotic ointment can be applied to areas of ulcers to prevent infection. Do not abuse sleeping pills for older people at risk of skin ulcers because sleeping pills will make patients less movement, even changing positions when lying.
Those who are diabetic always pay attention to checking the feet every day to detect ulcers, need to choose shoes, soft, not cramped shoes to use.
Elderly people with varicose veins need to see a doctor for treatment and advice about what is necessary, not subjective. Nutrition issues for older persons to prevent skin ulcers are also a matter of great concern.
Therefore, it is necessary to have a reasonable diet to have enough energy, rich in protein, rich in vitamins and minerals. However, the improvement of resistance for older persons has many different measures but it depends on the conditions and circumstances of each person.
It is very important to eat enough food in sufficient quantities for each meal. During meals should limit meat intake and increase fish, vegetable and fruit intake.
Fish, vegetables and fruits have a lot of essential nutrients for every organ in the body because they provide vitamins, and fiber-rich vegetables are the type that contributes to constipation prevention in the elderly.
Besides performing a good, regular diet, you must always maintain personal hygiene such as bathing and changing clothes daily..
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