Smoking Cigarettes Increases The Rate Of Male Infertility
The habit of regular and constant smoking not only affects health but also reduces the fertility of many men. In recent years, the rate of male infertility has increased one of the causes of this condition is tobacco.
Why does smoking increase male infertility rates?
According to research by the International Reproduction Center (India), some substances in tobacco can affect the quality, fertility and shape of sperm. Long-term smoking addiction can lead to male infertility.
Slowing sperm motility
When smoking too much, the sperm's ability to swim approaching the egg decreases. If the sperm does not move fast, move properly, it is difficult to get close to the egg for fertilization. A recent study showed that male smokers reduced sperm motility by up to 13% compared to non-smokers.
Men who smoke a lot of cigarettes can reduce sperm motility
Low sperm density
Sperm density represents the number of spermatozoa present in semen
To successfully conceive and have a healthy baby, 1 ml of semen must have over 20 million sperm. About 23% of sperm density decreases when men smoke regularly.
The shape of abnormal sperm
A healthy sperm with a long tail and slender head. Sperm with abnormal, strange shape such as big head, short tail ... can lead to the condition of not being able to swim, swimming slowly to meet eggs, leading to unsuccessful fertilization
In addition, male smokers produce abnormal levels of hormones that affect fertility.
Prevent male infertility
The smoking habit of many men has led to a declining sperm count, so the rate of male infertility has increased in the last few years. To increase the number, quality of sperm and prevent male infertility, men must pay attention:
Men should quit smoking to improve sperm quality
- For men who smoke a lot, they need to quit first, if they have difficulty in quitting smoking, they should seek medical help. At the same time, limiting the use of stimulants speeds up the process of male infertility such as: coffee, alcohol, drugs ...
- Do not shower with too hot water, too long sauna or wearing too tight underwear. Also, not sitting for long periods of time in one position can cause the genitals to heat up, affecting the sperm production of the testes.
- Regular exercise to have a healthy body, prevent disease effectively. It is not recommended to cycle continuously for a long time and to play good sports activities for sperm development and reproduction such as swimming, jogging, etc.
- Keep yourself psychologically comfortable, avoid stress, do not work too hard, stay up too late but spend a lot of time resting and relaxing (reading, listening to music, watching movies ...).
- Supplementing adequate nutrients in daily meals. Stay away from spicy, hot, greasy, fast food foods .
.. you should eat plenty of foods rich in vitamins, minerals, and zinc such as fresh fruits, oysters, blood cockles, beef ...
If during the 1 year period, your husband and wife have sex regularly, do not use any contraception method but the conception process still has not happened, you and your husband should visit reputable specialized medical facilities for examination. and timely treatment when signs of abnormalities..
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