Spinal Disc Herniation And Sequelae
Spinal disc herniation occurs in any part of the spine, such as the cervical spine and lumbar spine, in which the lumbar spine herniation mainly involves lumbar pain and numbness that spread to the buttocks and thighs. and lower legs, muscle weakness, etc. This is a very common disease and can cause disability if not treated.
Therefore, patients need to be examined and treated early when they see symptoms of the disease, should not be subjective, especially in some high-risk subjects such as those who work hard, porters , playing sports, sitting posture, working in the wrong way, suffering from spinal diseases such as spinal double spines, scoliosis, degenerative spine, ...
What is a herniated disk?
Spine due to multiple burns put together. Between the vertebrae are separated by intervertebral disks
The structure of the intervertebral disc is composed of an external fibrous capsule, made up of tough, firm and mucous rings in the internal gel form.
When the fibrous structure is weak due to the rupture of several loops, the mucus pressure will push the bulge out of its normal position, the colloid of the intervertebral disc will be called the intervertebral disc.
Identify the disease based on what manifestations?
The pain of escaping a disc usually recurs many times, each lasting about 1-2 weeks, then resolving. Sometimes the pain is dull but often severe pain, increasing pain when coughing, sneezing, bowing.
There is also a sense of ants crawling, frostbite, needles corresponding to the pain. For a disc herniation of the spine, there are usually symptoms such as: Pain in the neck, neck, shoulder, along the arm. Numbness of arms, hands, fingers
Atrophy, muscle weakness of arms, fingers
Atrophy, weakness of thigh muscles, lower legs, feet. Gradually, the pain becomes frequent, lasts for months without treatment. The motor ability of the patient is significantly reduced.
The sequelae of the disease
Spinal disc herniation presses on nerve roots, spinal cord causing symptoms of pain, numbness, muscle atrophy, and paralysis. When nerve roots are damaged, it is difficult for the patient to move the limbs.
If the nerve damage to the arm, the patient can not lift or difficult folding, arm stretching, work capacity and activities are seriously affected.
The disease can leave dangerous consequences and complications for the patient. The patient may be paralyzed by paralysis in the case of a herniated disc that compresses the medulla.
When pinched the nerves in the lumbar region can also lead to incontinence urination due to round muscle disorders. The limbs gradually become muscular atrophy, which can cause loss of ability to work and exercise.
Which cases are susceptible to a herniated disc?
There are many causes of herniated disc. Firstly, due to spinal injuries such as traffic accidents, labor accidents, etc.
The second is that in people over 30 years old, the spine begins to degenerate the disc, which is often no longer soft, the mucus may become dry, the outer cartilage ring will become fibrous, cracked and may tear when there is a force. dive into the spine.
The most common is the wrong heavy lifting. Instead of sitting down on objects and slowly getting up, many people have a habit of standing and bending over and lifting heavy objects.
Wearing this wrong position can easily cause back injuries.
Many daily routines also adversely affect the bones and joints such as improper sitting posture causing scoliosis, improper exercise causing joint degeneration, dislocation ...
In addition, congenital spinal diseases such as spinal double spines, scoliosis, degenerative spine are also favorable factors for herniated disc.
Conventional x-ray of the spine does not detect a herniated disc. To accurately diagnose the disc herniated disc, patients need radiography, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.
At the conclusion of the night disc herniation, depending on the severity and clinical symptoms, the physician decides to undergo medical treatment or surgery.
For mild hernia, it is possible to take drugs, perform exercises, physiotherapy rehabilitation.
If the hernia is severe, the mass of the hernia that compresses the nerve can cause complications such as paralysis, muscle atrophy, or round muscle disorders, surgery is a method to help patients reduce compression and avoid complications due to drainage. taste caused.
Currently, there are many treatments such as reducing the pressure of the disk's core such as: bringing radio waves to the area of the herniated disc, causing the herniated block to shrink, returning to its original position, releasing the pinched nerve; using laser heat effect to destroy the disc of herniated disc, release nerve compression; Get the buffer by open surgery method, laparoscopic surgery, ...
Preventive measures are needed
Spinal disc herniation causes unpleasant pain, frequent relapses, reduces mobility, greatly affects the quality of life.
If untreated disease can cause serious complications, so patients need to see a specialist when signs of the disease to be treated promptly.
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