Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

According to Assoc. Dr. Tran Dac Phu, complicated changes of pathogens caused by viruses and bacteria are the cause of many diseases (especially in the summer) in many countries, including Vietnam.
Mr. Phu shared, besides the diseases that have been eliminated, such as smallpox, polio, neonatal tetanus ..., new and complicated diseases have emerged

The main cause is changes in viruses, bacteria, social community issues (such as travel conditions, international exchanges .


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

..), food hygiene and safety ...
"Disease prevention is not only the responsibility of the health sector but of the whole community, for all levels of industry and especially each citizen to understand in order to join hands to prevent epidemics", Mr. Phu emphasized
This is one of the main contents of the seminar "Strengthening epidemic prevention against the complicated change of pathogens caused by viruses and bacteria" by the Department of Preventive Medicine in collaboration with Unilever Vietnam Fund and Lifebuoy brand held.


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes


Mr. Nguyen Duc Khoa, Deputy Head of Infectious Disease Control Division, Department of Preventive Medicine. Photo: Ha Mai
Mr. Nguyen Duc Khoa, Deputy Head of Infectious Disease Control Department, Department of Preventive Medicine, said that in the period 2010-2014, on average from May to August, the country recorded more than 400,000 cases of flu - the highest of 10 common summer illnesses (influenza, diarrhea, hand, foot, mouth, dengue fever, lyophilis, malaria, adenovirus, amoebic dysentery, viral encephalitis, typhoid). Diarrhea ranked second with 252,240 cases.
The high risk of epidemic outbreaks in summer is due to the favorable climatic conditions and temperatures for bacteria and viruses; hot, humid, heavy rain, mosquitoes transmit diseases and thrive; the concentration of people at entertainment and tourist spots has increased dramatically. Students from big cities to return to their hometown for summer vacation can also bring germs, for example, in the past, students from Ngo Thoi Nhiem School (HCMC) brought influenza A fluids to their locality.
According to the recommendation of the Representative of the Preventive Medicine Department, people need to kill mosquitoes, kill larvae, larvae and rodents to prevent dengue fever.


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

Parents should take their child fully vaccinated, not waiting for vaccine service. Vaccination in the service vaccination sites is included in the expanded vaccination program. Family members need to enhance personal hygiene, wash hands with regular soap, and clean utensils and toys for children.
A study conducted in the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, 480 volunteers after touching door handles, hall railing in public places was classified as 3 groups. In the group that did not wash their hands, 44% had the presence of pathogenic bacteria. In the group of hand washing with water, this proportion is 23%, in the group washed with water and soap only 8%.
Ms. Claire McDonald - Representative of Royal Public Health Association (RSPH).


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

Photo: Ha Mai
The harmful effects of viruses and bacteria are a global concern. They are easily spread by inhalation, eating, drinking, or hand contact. Ms. Claire McDonald - representative of the Royal Society of Public Health (RSPH) - a multi-disciplinary health organization that operates independently over the past century, said many people suffer from a number of diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. such as intestinal, respiratory infections, skin infections ...
Representatives of the Royal Society of Public Health noted that the number of infectious diseases has increased sharply worldwide in the past 10 years.


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

This causes illnesses that last longer and with many serious symptoms, as the medicines for these illnesses are no longer as effective. In particular, diarrhea is the cause of death for 2.2 million people worldwide each year, most under 5 years old, accounting for 4% of the death rate.
She points out, a study of 2,000 individuals using rotary devices to track behaviors, found that 50% of parents confess that children never wash their hands after using the toilet, 30% confess. they never take the time to teach their children to wash their hands properly. The reason is that hand washing is not done effectively.
By means of research, concluding, a child touches 89 times on 22 different objects after going to the toilet and not washing their hands, they are the germs that cause infection and disease.
The seminar attracts the participation of many medical experts.


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes


Noting that in Vietnam, Mr. Tran Dac Phu also said that controlling the disease is currently difficult. If before, some diseases appeared in Ho Chi Minh City did not spread to other provinces, now, within 2 hours, they could appear in some places. An epidemic that did not previously appear in mountainous areas (cholera, typhoid ...) is also present in this area. Environmental factors, climate change, sanitary conditions .


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes

.. are agents of disease. Currently, a number of epidemics are at risk of a strong outbreak. If they are not prevented in time, they will spread rapidly (eg dengue fever ...).


Summer Infectious Diseases Complicated Changes


The Director of the Department of Preventive Medicine, the Ministry of Health emphasized that there should be a practical and innovative form of communication to improve efficiency, help people know, understand and change their behavior. For example, to educate students to wash hands at school, instead of yelling.

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