The Cause Of Sinusitis
Sinusitis (VX) is a fairly common disease in our country. Children and adults can get VX, but the proportion of adults with this disease is much higher than children. VX can be found all year round but winter - spring, there are more people infected, especially VX disease related to allergies.
Sinuses are a hollow, interconnected system of bones in the skull. There are many sinuses such as: sinus jaw, forehead sinus, butterfly sinus and floor sinus
There are many causes of VX such as inflammation, which causes the air circulation between the sinuses to be stagnant, the mucus in the mucosa of the sinuses secreted to not circulate, creating favorable conditions for microorganisms to grow. For bacteria, there are some normal parasites living in the sinuses that do not cause disease, but when having favorable conditions, they become pathogenic (for example, due to blocked sinus mucosa, viral infections .
These bacteria are called opportunistic pathogenic bacteria. VX is also common in patients with atopic allergies (food allergens, pollen, chemicals, allergies such as urticaria, eczema, leeches, atopic dermatitis). Prolonged allergic rhinitis…) causes mucous membranes of the sinus to be swollen, causing blockage or obstruction, creating conditions for microorganisms to develop and then cause disease.
People also get VX due to tooth decay, dental infection, especially in the upper jaw; people with poor resistance such as the elderly, rickets malnourished children, people with chronic respiratory diseases (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis ..
People who use antibiotics unreasonably making bacteria resistant to antibiotics are also more likely to get VX. In addition, people find that the living environment is not clean, smoke, kitchen smoke, cigarette smoke are also favorable factors leading to VX.
Manifestations of sinusitis
We may experience acute VX or chronic VX. Basically, VX is divided into two main types: VX due to bacterial infection and VX allergy. Some bacteria often cause VX such as S. pneumoniae, H.influenzae, S. pyogenes, P.
aeruginosa or even Staphylococcus ... Whatever the type of VX, the first stage may have headache, fever, and have have a high fever (mainly seen in children with VX) but most of them are mild, especially in acute VX. Headaches can last for days and nights, but they usually hurt most at midnight in the morning.
A headache that rises in the middle of the night is caused by congestion of mucus in the mucous membranes of the sinuses. Pain in the eyes and temples is also common in VX. People with VX often have a stuffy nose (due to an inflamed nose, edema), runny nose and may sneeze many times a day, especially early in the morning.
The secretions from sinuses will flow down the throat, making the person feel uncomfortable or cause itching.
Many cases of VX are accompanied by rhinitis, which can cause an olfactory disorder such as not being able to smell or smell correctly. VX can be caused by tooth decay and when the sinus infection is caused by bacteria that fester in the sinuses and pus from the throat and nose, making the breath of the person bad and uncomfortable for both patients and contacts.
In general, when VX is easily spread from one sinus to another because they are connected together, people often use the term `` sinusitis '' (meaning many sinuses are inflamed at the same time). In the symptoms of VX, usually the anterior sinus is inflamed (sinus function, frontal sinus, anterior sinus ...), the symptoms are usually more pronounced than the posterior sinus.
Cases of chronic VX often make people tired, uncomfortable, or have a headache. Acute VX without early detection and treatment usually ends in chronic VX.
The consequences of untreated VX can lead to many dangerous diseases such as brain abscess, blurred vision caused by optic neuritis ... Another characteristic to note is that VX is very likely to recur, most is re-encountering the causes of VX from the beginning.
What to do to prevent sinusitis?
When the upper airway is not cleaned up, it facilitates the parasitic and living bacteria to grow. Therefore, it is necessary to clean teeth and mouth as well as brushing teeth before and after waking up, daily physiological salt water gargle.
If you have a sore throat or tonsillitis, it is necessary to treat it completely to prevent it from becoming chronic.
In young children, when they have VA infection, they should be examined and prescribed by an ear, nose and throat specialist (VA curettage). Adults and children who suffer from tooth decay, stomatitis, gingivitis, root infection need to be examined and treated so that the disease does not become chronic, causing VX to accompany.
People with allergies, especially allergies related to the upper respiratory tract such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic VX ... need to be examined and treated definitely. The cold season is also very important to keep your neck warm, do not take a cold shower.
Need a clean living environment, go out to wear a mask to avoid dirt. Do not smoke cigarettes, pipe tobacco, especially those who are suffering from sore throat, VX, rhinitis. It should be noted that VX disease can still be completely cured with the early examination and treatment..
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