The Danger When Children Have Excess Vitamins
Supplementing vitamins when children are deficient is essential, but if indiscriminate supplementation is not directed by a doctor, vitamin abuse leads to some diseases due to excessive vitamin.
If children eat a balanced, reasonable, adequate and normal situation (ie no signs of malnutrition), no vitamin supplement is needed. However, when the diet is inadequate, even healthy children may be deficient in vitamins.
Because the vitamins inherent in food will be lost or severely reduced in a full meal but the quality of food is not guaranteed (withered vegetables, fruit is no longer fresh so it takes a lot of vitamin C) or preserved, Food processing is not good (the less white the white rice is, the less vitamin B1 there is. Foods that are not cooked properly will not ...)
For obese children, the doctor recommends eating a low-fat diet and the need for additional vitamins, because a low-fat diet does not help absorb adequate amounts of oil-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, K.
In vitamins, vitamins A and D are not used in excess, overdose because it will accumulate in the body and can cause poisoning.
An excess of vitamin A can cause poisoning, which increases the intracranial pressure leading to vomiting, headaches, and bone growth that can slow the growth of children. Vitamin A can also be teratogenic, so it should not be given to mothers just before pregnancy and especially not recommended for pregnant women in the first 3 months.
If taking multivitamin taking 1 tablet daily, it must not contain more than 5,000 international units (IU) of vitamin A and not more than 400 IU of vitamin D. If using an oral solution, the number of drops or volume (ml) must be taken in accordance with instructions for using the medicine. Children should be given liquid as an oral solution because it is both easy to drink and absorb.
When excess vitamin D can make children anorexia, fatigue, vomiting, thickening bone
For vitamin C, there is no accumulation, so it is almost uncommon, but taking high doses (more than 1g / day) by mouth can cause peptic ulcer, diarrhea, kidney stones when used for a long time. . Overuse by injection will cause acidosis or may cause hemolysis, especially in children who are deficient in G6PD.
Excess vitamin B6 can lead to polyneuropathy, memory loss, prolactin secretion.
Excess vitamin K is common only when prolonged use can cause hemolysis, jaundice.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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