The Disease Is Common In Young Children At The Time Of Changing Seasons
The erratic weather and rainy season, together with rising humidity, are favorable factors for pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Children are the most vulnerable to these agents, especially respiratory diseases. In which bronchiolitis (VTPQ) is a common disease, can lead to severe consequences if the child is not detected and treated promptly.
VTPQ can lead to many dangerous complications
VTPQ is a common disease in young children, especially 3-6 months of age. When infected, these small bronchioles are inflamed, swollen, secrete lots of fluids, making the child's airways constrict or even block.
Parents are not subjective when they see children with signs such as cough, runny nose, moderate or high fever. After 3-5 days, the child coughs more and more, appears difficult breathing, wheezing.
Severe cases are pale, even stop breathing
Breathing can be heard wheezing, snoring, poor ventilation.
Later, the child coughs more often with wheezing and may have difficulty breathing (breathing faster, chest-pulled contraction). More severe babies may stop breastfeeding, cyanosis. The disease has symptoms similar to asthma.
Usually, children will wheeze for about 7 days, cough subside in about 14 days and then go away with good care. However, in about 1 in 5 cases, the disease can last for weeks.
Common complications of the disease are respiratory failure, pneumonia (due to susceptibility to multiple infections), collapse of the lungs, otitis media
These are children with risk factors that need to be hospitalized early with VTPQ. In addition, the disease also recurs easily.
The culprits cause disease
The agent that causes children to get VTPQ is usually caused by viruses, which is the leading cause by respiratory syncytial virus, accounting for 30-50% of cases.
This virus has 2 special points: the ability to spread very strongly so the disease is likely to become a pandemic; Adults and older children can also be infected, but often have mild symptoms, just like the common cold. But if a child is younger than 2 years old, an infection may manifest as a severe form of VTPQ.
Influenza and influenza viruses also cause about 25% of children to get VTPQ. In addition, Adenovirus with 10% of the cases.
If a child lives in an area with influenza epidemics or an upper respiratory tract infection (caused by a syncytial virus), the infection rate is very high because the child's body resistance is still too weak, especially if they are breastfed and cannot breastfeed.
full breast milk.
Children who have been sick from previous viral infections such as nasopharyngitis, tonsillitis, and VA are all at risk if they are not well cared for. Children with congenital heart disease, living in a passive smoking environment, congenital lung disease or immunodeficiency are all at high risk of acquiring VTPQ.
People also mentioned the connection of VTPQ with asthma. After VTPQ, the child's airways become more sensitive and about 1/3 of children with VTPQ can develop asthma later.
Child care like?
If the child shows signs of mild illness, no complications, no risk factors, they can be cared for at home. Continue breastfeeding or eating well.
Children should drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
Need to clear the nose for children to help children breathe easier and better suck. Can nasal drops with 2-3 drops of physiological saline then clean the nose for children.
Give children medication as directed by a physician. Avoid cigarette smoke as it can make a child's illness worse and more likely to get asthma later. Need to re-examine on time by a doctor.
When children have severe signs such as shortness of breath, poor feeding, cyanosis, complications need to be hospitalized for treatment. For normal forms, without respiratory failure, the doctor will conduct airway suction, release the secretions upon admission.
Using a moisturizer, a quick-acting bronchodilator such as ventolin, bricanyl, salbutamol.
Combined with respiratory therapy, flapping vibration, suction phlegm.
Children with high fever, vomiting, rapid breathing must have enough fluid and electrolytes according to their body needs. Children need to have enough nutrition, and consider carefully before using antibiotics.
In severe cases with respiratory failure, oxygen therapy, upper airway suction, bronchodilator bronchodilators, water, electrolytes should be used to compensate for the deficiency.
If these measures do not improve respiratory failure, intubation and other supportive respiratory measures should be carried out. Only use antibiotics when signs of secondary infection, steriod should not be used for children.
Many recommendations emphasize, to prevent the disease for children, mothers should breastfeed to 2 years of age, do not let children get cold, keep the child's environment clean. Children with congenital heart and lung diseases are especially noted because they are susceptible to disease and progress badly.
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