The Effects Of Cigarette Smoke On Pregnant Women
Secondhand smoke during pregnancy can lead to serious harm affecting both mother and fetus.
What is passive smoking?
Passive smoking or secondhand smoke is a form of secondhand smoke that is indirectly from the air without direct smoking and is also exposed to the effects of secondhand smoke leading to the risk of lung cancer.
Tobacco smoke is listed by the WHO as a list of class 1 carcinogens. The smoke contains 4,000 chemicals, including 40 carcinogens such as nicotine, carbon oxide, tar, benzene ... bad effects on the nervous system, blood vessels, endocrine .
By classification there will be 3 types of smoke produced during smoking:
Main smoke: is released directly from the burning cigarette
Secondhand smoke: secondhand smoke that comes out of a smoker
Second-hand smoke: coming out of a dying cigarette
Secondhand smoke is a combination of second-hand smoke and second-hand smoke.
The survival time of cigarette smoke in the air is more than 2 hours, even when no longer looking and smelling. So people who work or live with smokers will breathe in the same amount of smoke as smoking 5 cigarettes a day.
Breathing too much cigarette smoke will make you smoke 5 cigarettes a day
The effects of secondhand smoke on pregnant women
Women who are exposed to secondhand smoke during pregnancy will experience pregnancy complications such as:
Increased likelihood of preterm birth
If a woman is addicted to tobacco or inhales smoke for a long time, she is more likely to give birth prematurely than others. Preterm birth can lead to other problems like anemia, hypertension, and early rupture of membranes.
Miscarriage or stillbirth
In the first 3 months of pregnancy, pregnant women will be more likely to have stillbirths or miscarriage if exposed to tobacco smoke. According to research, married women who smoke have a higher risk of miscarriage than other women
Prone to placenta praevia
Placenta praevia is a condition where the placenta is located in the lowest position of the uterus, partially or completely covering the cervix resulting in bleeding during pregnancy.
The risk of ectopic pregnancy is increased
Nicotine in cigarette smoke has the ability to cause contractions in the fallopian tubes which in turn prevent the embryo from entering the uterus, leading to the condition that the embryo causes an extra-uterine socket.
The placenta has the function of providing oxygen and nutrients to nourish the fetus, when inhaled a lot of smoke, pregnant women may have placenta or broken placenta leading to serious bleeding situation, threatening to life both mother and child.
The effects of secondhand smoke on pregnant women
Harm of tobacco smoke to the fetus
The fetus will face the following 4 dangers when a mother smokes or inhales too much tobacco from others:
Poor physical and mental development
When a mother inhales the nicotine and carbon monoxide in the smoke, it can lead to narrowing of blood vessels, including the blood vessels in the umbilical cord, making it difficult for the fetus to receive oxygen and blood from the mother. The child's physical and mental health is important.
Children with birth defects
The risk of birth defects in children will be increased by a quarter for mothers who smoke or smoke too much.
Babies born underweight
For pregnant women who are passive smokers, the rate of fetal growth retardation increases 3.4 to 4.2 times, the baby's weight drops from 170 to 200gr, causing the baby to be born underweight.
Sudden infant death syndrome is increased
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a sudden, unexplained sudden death in a crib in infants less than 1 year of age. The timing of this occurrence is usually at the time when the child sleeps between 10 pm and 10 am.
The rate of children with birth defects increases when mothers regularly smoke
Preventing cigarette smoke for pregnant women
The only way to stop secondhand smoke is to stay away from places where people smoke, while measures like opening windows and using fans are useless because the smoke lasts about 2 hours in the air.
Some of the things you can apply to are:
Stop smoking if you smoke
Smoking is only allowed in public places
Ask relatives not to smoke around you. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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