The Latest And Most Complete Information About Colon Polyps
If colon polyps are not detected and treated in time, they may turn into colon cancer, causing danger to health and life of patients. The following article will help readers have an overview of colon polyps, symptoms and treatments for colon polyps.
What is colon polyps?
Colon polyps are small masses of cells that form abnormally on the surface, inside or inside the large intestine. Usually, colon polyps are benign tumors. But without proper intervention and treatment, they can cause complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstruction or even cancer
The cause of colon polyps
The disease can occur at any age if the patient has an inappropriate lifestyle and lifestyle. In addition, age and genetic genes from previous generations are also a risk factor for disease.
Colon polyps are a common disease involving the gastrointestinal tract
- Unreasonable diet, using too much grease, eating unhygienic foods, smoking regularly, using alcohol
- People who are overweight, obese, have a sudden increase in weight.
- Activity mode sedentary, lying or sitting a lot.
- Staying up late, always in a state of stress, fatigue
According to statistics, there are about 90% of cases of colorectal polyps in the age of 50 and very few cases in the age of 40. Therefore, doctors recommend that people aged 50 and over should be checked Regular colon screening for early colon cancer screening.
Patients who have a parent, brother, sister, or sister with colon polyps are also likely to get it. This factor increases if many family members have polyps.
Common types of colon polyps
There are 4 common types of colon polyps, including:
About two thirds of all polyps are glandular polyps and 90% of all polyps are less than 1.5 cm in size
One thing to note is that nearly all malignant polyps are glandular polyps.
Glandular polyps are divided into 3 types:
Tubular: Can be found in any segment of the colon and has a stem.
Villi (vilous): Mainly in the rectum and without stem, at highest risk of malignancy.
Pipe route - tubulovilous
Colon polyps need to be removed before it gets too big
The risk of polyps becoming cancer depends on the size and location of the colon.
A small, sessile, round, serrated polyp that is less than 5 mm in size, located at the end of the colon and rectum, also known as hyperplastic polyps, rarely becomes melanoma.
If a large, serrated polyp is usually flat (sessile), difficult to detect, and located at the beginning of the colon, there is a risk of it becoming cancer.
This form of polyps may appear after a patient has ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease. Although polyps themselves are not a significant threat, if you have two of these diseases, your risk of colon cancer increases.
Genetic polyps usually appear in patients with family members who have a history of colon polyps. These patients often have accompanying pathological manifestations in other organs and parts of the body. In addition, if a patient has a genetic mutation gene, the risk of cancer will increase even higher.
When should a colon polyp be removed?
Colon polyps are usually harmless and have no obvious symptoms or symptoms. Patients should periodically examine the colon to detect and remove polyps. During colonoscopy, if the doctor detects a lot of large polyps, especially they cause patients with abdominal pain, blood in the stool, prolonged constipation, nausea will be consulted for indications. Removing surgery, avoiding the risk of them developing into cancer.
If the patient has constipation, prolonged diarrhea, it is necessary to have polyps immediately
Colon polyps procedure
Currently, colonoscopy using polyps is very popular in all hospitals across the country.
The doctor will insert a soft endoscope, a camera-mounted end inside the colon to look for lesions, polyps and remove. The process follows these steps:
Step 1: The doctor will order a number of tests, colon cleanse colon before colonoscopy.
Step 2: Check the patient again, perform anesthesia to prepare for surgery.
Step 3: Use the colonoscope to identify the location of lesions and the location of colon polyps.
Step 4: Use specialized medical equipment to remove colon polyps by excision or electrocautery. If the polyps are large, the doctor will cut them into pieces to remove them.
Step 5: After the surgery, the doctor will biopsy the tumor to check for risk of colon cancer. If there are signs of melanoma, the patient should follow the doctor's diagnosis and treatment regimen.
Does colon colon polyp hurt?
Surgery collection. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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