The Patient Should And Should Not Do Anything After The Colon Polypectomy
Colonoscopy is a necessary procedure to remove polyps to prevent complications as well as the risk of colon cancer. However, not everyone knows what should or should not be done after a colon polypectomy. The following article will provide the necessary information around this topic.
When should a colon polyp be cut?
Colon polyps are growths on the inner lining of the colon (large intestine) or rectum. A polyp can have many different shapes like flat, slightly protruding or peduncle. Accordingly, colon polyps are divided into two benign and malignant groups. In particular, benign groups are further divided into two groups with and without ability to progress to cancer.
The group is benign and almost incapable of developing cancer like inflammatory polyps, hyperplastic polyps
The group is benign but still has the ability to progress to cancer like polyps, polyps, etc. In addition, the likelihood of cancer is proportional to the size of the polyp. Specifically:
Size less than 1cm: risk only about 0-2%
Size from 1cm-2cm: risk of about 10-20%
Size> 2cm: about 30-50% risk
So when do polypectomy be performed? This problem depends largely on the size and number of patients' polyps.
If the colon polyps are small, less than 0.5 cm in size and belong to the benign group, it may not need a cut because it does not affect too much health and is less likely to turn into malignancy. However, this case still needs regular screening
If the colon polyps are large, over 0.
5cm in size and at risk of malignant progression, it may be performed through endoscopy. A biopsy is then performed to determine if there is a risk of cancer.
In the case of polyps smaller than 0.5 cm but with a different shape, a rough surface, excision and biopsy should be performed to determine the potential cancer risk.
The number and size of polyps will determine when the polyp is cut?
How does polypectomy happen and does the patient need to be hospitalized?
The procedure to cut polyps after the patient is anesthetized to reduce pain during the procedure. Accordingly, the doctor inserts a long, flexible endoscope, which attaches an anal camera to the body. Here, when the polyp is located, the doctor will remove it by looping a thin wire around the base of the polyp and using heat to burn electricity at the foot of the polyp until it breaks.
In the case of larger polyps will be removed by breaking down the polyps into many pieces and bringing them out.
The doctor may then take a biopsy to check for risk of malignant progression.
Usually with small and simple polyps, the patient just needs to wait for the anesthesia to return home and take care of home care. If the polyps are large (more than 3 pieces) and the size is over 1cm or some complicated cases, the patient may need to be hospitalized for 1-2 days to conduct follow-up.
What should patients do after polypectomy?
To ensure that the body quickly recovers from colon polyps, it is important to follow the following precautions:
Patients should arrange a reasonable rest period.
Follow the doctor's instructions when using the medicine.
Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
Eat high fiber foods like vegetables, fruits, fresh fruits and some essential vitamins for the body.
Eat soft, liquid and easily digested foods like soups, thin porridge, stewed soups ..
Eat slowly chew thoroughly and divide into small meals about 5-6 meals / day.
What should patients do after polypectomy?
Besides some things to do, the patient should also pay attention to a number of issues that should not be done after a colon polypectomy.
Do not arbitrarily control the vehicle after cutting the polyp. Because during the procedure, the patient will be anesthetized so it will be more difficult for him / her to move on its own when the patient regains consciousness.
Do not eat hot spicy food, greasy
Do not drink alcoholic beverages, stimulants such as alcohol, coffee, soda, carbonated water ...
No labor or heavy physical activity
Do not let constipation occur and limit strain during bowel movements
Do not use pain relievers voluntarily because some medications have components that affect blood function, such as aspirin. In force majeure circumstances, analgesic drugs such as Acetaminophen / Paracetamol may be used.
What complications can occur after colon polyps?
Colonoscopy is considered a relatively safe procedure and with small polyps, the cut will heal itself in about a week. However, in some cases, patients may experience the following complications:
Dizziness, dizziness, nausea and vomiting of blood or bile in it.
Cough, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, limb trembling
Severe abdominal pain, tightness or cramping
Bloody or tarry stools or black stools like coffee grounds
The anal region is bleeding, edematous, or has a lot of secretions.
If experiencing any of the above symptoms, the patient should immediately go to medical facilities for timely treatment to avoid happening.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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