The Vaccine Should Be Given Before Pregnancy, During Pregnancy And After Birth
Women especially before, during and after pregnancy need to be vaccinated to receive protection during pregnancy and after childbirth. The vaccination helps women have a healthy pregnancy, give birth to a healthy and safe baby.
Are pregnant infected and at risk for the fetus
Risk of pregnancy during rubella infection (rubella)
Rubella is very contagious. It spreads when you breathe in droplets of respiratory secretions exhaled by an infected person. Rubella virus causes fever and a rash starts on the face and spreads to the body, then to the arms and legs.
Rubella is not serious in children, but it can become very serious for pregnant mothers and unborn babies, especially in the first four months of pregnancy. The risk of mothers passing the disease to their babies can be up to 90% in the first three months. Heart damage, blindness, deafness and mental retardation can develop in children
Fortunately, rubella is no longer common because most babies are vaccinated against it in the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine when they are 12 months old.
Risk of pregnancy during chickenpox infection (varicella zoster)
Like rubella, chickenpox is very contagious. Like the rubella virus, the herpes zoster virus is spread when you breathe in droplets of respiratory secretions exhaled by an infected person.
A person who is not immunized can get chickenpox in the same room as an infected person. Symptoms may not appear until ten days to three weeks after being infected. Patients often have fever and fatigue, followed by itchy rashes. The blisters will burst after a week and form a crust before healing
Chickenpox is uncommon during pregnancy.
If it happens during pregnancy, most women and babies are not seriously affected. However, in one out of every 100 cases, the baby may be affected by blisters, scars or even organ damage, especially in the first 5 months of pregnancy. These abnormalities may not be detected during an ultrasound, but can only be diagnosed after the baby is born. Some pregnant women may also develop serious forms of infection in the chest or brain.
If a baby is born within seven days of having the chickenpox mother, he or she may have a very serious illness.
All it takes is a simple blood test to check if you're immune to chickenpox virus. If not immune, get vaccinated before getting pregnant.
Risk of being pregnant with hepatitis B infection
Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus.
The infection may be acute or chronic. Most chronic cases have no symptoms. You can get hepatitis B through sex or contact with infected body fluids like saliva.
If a mother carries chronic hepatitis B, it can be passed on to the baby.
Infected infants have a 25% risk of dying from liver-related diseases such as chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer later in life.
To prevent an infected baby, they should be vaccinated against hepatitis B immediately after birth. After a baby is vaccinated against hepatitis B, the mother can continue breastfeeding even if she is a carrier.
Babies are at increased risk when the mother became infected during pregnancy
What is a vaccine?
Vaccines are a medicine that helps protect the body from certain diseases.
During pregnancy, vaccinations help protect both a healthy mother and a baby. Vaccinations are given with different vaccines for pre-pregnancy, during and after pregnancy.
What to do before getting vaccinated
Before any vaccine is given, notify the medical center of any serious allergies or history of severe allergic reaction to the vaccine. An allergy is a reaction to something you touch, eat, or inhale that causes you to sneeze, itch, develop a rash or have trouble breathing.
Review your own vaccination history to help your doctor determine which vaccines you have and have not given so you can get the right dose and get the full dose before and during pregnancy.
Prepare a healthy body, no fever over 38.5 degrees in the period of vaccination.
These vaccines need to be vaccinated before pregnancy
Get the Flu vaccine before getting pregnant
Getting a flu vaccine before pregnancy helps protect women during the flu season.
Pregnant women can safely go through pregnancy during the flu season.
Influenza vaccination is usually done every year from late August to March corresponding to the flu season.
Live flu vaccines are required at least 1 month before pregnancy, not recommended for pregnant women. If you suspect you are pregnant, ask for the inactivated flu vaccine.
Get measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine before becoming pregnant
Before getting the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine, your doctor may order a blood test to assess a woman's immunity and order a booster shot if needed.
The MMR vaccine is a live vaccine with a weakened virus.
MMR vaccine should be vaccinated at least 1 month before pregnancy. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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