Things To Know In The Daily Life Of The Elderly
Elderly bodies are weak so it is easy to get infected, so family members should pay attention to health care. living habits and nutrition for him / her, parents in the family.
Develop a scientific diet
The digestive system of the elderly often faces many problems that make it difficult to absorb nutrients, do not eat well, change taste and appetite requires a suitable diet to improve this situation.
Split meals, eat slowly chewing food carefully
Eat reduced carbohydrates
Eat more plant foods like sesame, peanuts, beans, green vegetables, ripe fruits, fish, shrimp, eggs
Limit fatty meat, animal organs, and pickles
Eat steamed, boiled dishes instead of grilled fried foods
Processing soft, finely chopped, stewed dishes, not too full
Drink enough water as needed
Interested in sleep
For the elderly, insomnia will occur often, stemming from the aging of the body, urinating at night, or waking up. So family members and the elderly themselves need to be aware of solutions to make it easier to sleep:
Do not place pillows high when sleeping, sleeping in a quiet space, less light
To limit sudden, ischemic brain is lying, if you want to sit up, you should not lift your head abruptly but have to turn your head and lean back, hands up slowly.
Pay attention to walking, sitting, lying down, physical activity
Elderly, the musculoskeletal system is also gradually weakened, prone to osteoarthritis diseases, aches and osteoporosis, so it is necessary to pay attention to walking, lying, physical activity:
Lying in a book for a long time is also harmful to the eyes, causing fatigue, fatigue, low blood flow and causing hemorrhoids.
When you wake up in the morning, if you suffer from back pain, knee pain, and joints of fingers, exercise for a while will feel comfortable. However, it is necessary to see a doctor to prevent osteoarthritis
Anti-pain medications (Cortancyl, Indometacin, Alaxan .
..) are often harmful to the stomach; Therefore, practice is the main treatment. Warm up the joints before putting your feet down on the bed, stroking along the lumbar muscles to soothe the pain of the spine, squeezing the knees and then moving.
It is best to use pillowcases (of football players) when traveling, up and down stairs if there is a phenomenon of knee degeneration.
When you wake up, if you feel an unusual feeling like numbness in the body, one of the legs or arms, need to lie down and invite a doctor to visit, do not shave the wind, do not try to exercise. This can be a stroke, especially when there is hypertension, atherosclerosis
Avoid seats with drafts.
If sitting, do not let the wind blow straight to the nape and top of the head. Should use a rotating fan to change the direction of the wind, do not let the wind always blow straight on people.
When opening the door, pay attention to nestle behind the door so that the wind does not blow directly into the face, prone to colds.
When sitting in a place with strong winds (balconies, by the lake), sit in a position to let the wind blow into your back.
When going up and down stairs, if chest tightness or difficulty breathing differs from normal, you should see a doctor. If sharp pain in the left chest and shortness of breath, pay attention to ischemic heart.
To keep the spine, do not reach for anything too strong, not too heavy. When carrying a bag, weight should be balanced on both sides.
Do not bend over when sweeping a house or yard, even when carrying an object.
Keep your back straight in any way possible. A smooth, moderately high pillow should be placed on the lumbar spine segment when lying down to treat backcuffs.
For the elderly, physical and mental activities are necessary but must be done regularly and regularly, avoiding male and female meals.
If the brain is active, there is more blood to feed the brain; otherwise, the brain is more likely to shrink. Inactive hands and feet, muscular atrophy, joint pain, resulting in weakness, laziness, shortening life expectancy.
Problems with defecation
Normally, the elderly can defecate 3 times a day after meals or once every 2-3 days. The total amount of stool is not more than 200g if you eat less fiber.
Stool if you have a bowel movement several times a day and loose stools (usually due to a bowel disorder). People passing loose stools must abstain from fish, fat, milk and eggs for many years; Close examination may be a sign of chronic colitis due to arbitrary use of antibiotics.
Constipation if you have to defecate once every 4 days, the stool is dry, clumps of white mucus are covered outside. If 1-3 days defecation once, dry stool can not be called constipation. Dry feces is caused by eating less vegetables, drinking less water but not rehydrating the sweat lost after physical activity.
Need to make a habit of defecating daily, or 1-2 days / time. If stool is fresh blood, it is important to have an early examination, an anal exam is required to detect cancer of the lower part of the rectum. Do not push hard to defecate to prevent bleeding in a previously damaged blood vessel.
You can make reflexes easy to defecate by exercising, rubbing the abdominal wall from right to left, drinking before a glass of water, a glass of milk or a cup of coffee.
Changing the sitting position during defecation (squatting, leaning to the left, leaning back) can also make the anal muscles easier to open. After defecation finished, do not stand up suddenly but should bend forward, slowly sit up.
If feeling dizzy, should grab one. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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