Thyroid Tumor: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
Thyroid cancer is a fairly common disease in the elderly. Although the majority of tumors are benign, there are still malignancies that can develop into cancer so the patient is not subjective but must be treated as soon as the disease is detected.
What is benign thyroid tumor?
The thyroid is a part of the body that makes hormones for the human body in front of the neck and the bottom of the throat. Thyroid tumor is a condition in which a mass of tissue or cell is concentrated in this area, which changes the function of the thyroid gland, causing an aesthetic loss for the patient.
Depending on the biopsy results and imaging, the thyroid tumor may be benign or malignant like thyroid cancer. Cases of melanoma are rare, only about 4-7%, the rest are benign thyroid tumors.
Benign thyroid tumor usually occurs in the elderly and most women. The disease can be a thyroid tumor, thyroiditis, polyps and thyroid cysts
Signs identify thyroid tumor
Benign thyroid adenomas usually have no obvious symptoms.
If a few tumors are too big, they will show symptoms such as:
The neck is swollen and palpable
The patient feels short of breath or swallows as a result of tumor pressing on the trachea or esophagus
Hoarseness and prolonged dry cough
Pain in the throat or neck
In some cases, due to tumors producing more thyroxine, a hormone of the thyroid gland, it can cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as:
Unexplained weight loss
Always feeling nauseous
Heart rate is usually fast and arrhythmic
The above manifestations may be a sign of some other diseases, so as soon as they feel abnormal, patients need to see a doctor right away to be diagnosed with the exact disease in order to offer timely and effective treatment.
Thyroid cancer can be found in all subjects especially older women
Causes of thyroid tumors
Benign thyroid tumor can be caused by several things:
- Excess / deficiency of iodine
Excess or deficiency of iodine is directly related to diseases of the thyroid gland, including thyroid tumors. If you consume too much iodine, hyperthyroidism can occur. If consumed too little iodine will cause hypothyroidism. It is recommended that each adult consume about 150mg of iodine per day.
- Thyroid tissue is overgrowth
This excessive proliferation is considered a thyroid tumor of the thyroid gland. However, this cause is not too serious because it does not cause cancer
- Chronic thyroiditis
Chronic thyroiditis can lead to goiter, which reduces the activity of the thyroid gland, also known as hypothyroidism.
Cysts (fluid-filled chambers) are common in the types of glandular tumors of the thyroid gland. Usually these tumors are benign, occasionally containing malignant ingredients.
- Polymorphic polyps
This is the term used to describe the proliferation of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency or a thyroid disorder. Each polymorphic tumor consists of many different small tumors.
Subjects at high risk of having thyroid tumor
Anyone can have thyroid cancer, but it is more common in women than in men and older people. However, if you are one of the following subjects, the risk of benign thyroid tumor is higher.
Weak immune system: Will cause hormones of the body to change and increase the risk of diseases of the thyroid
Family history: If someone in the family has a thyroid disease, you're at a higher risk than the average person.
Personal history: If you have a thyroid disease or have had surgery, radiation therapy that affects the thyroid, the risk of a thyroid tumor is also higher.
Side effects of the drug: Use of some immunosuppressants or antiviral drugs that are likely to have thyroid tumors. In addition, people exposed to radiation or in nuclear tests are at higher risk than the average person.
Through ultrasound it is possible to detect tumors in the thyroid gland
Does benign thyroid tumor develop into thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer is a serious disease that can be life-threatening if not detected and treated early. So a lot of people worry about whether thyroid tumor will develop into cancer or not?
Not everyone with thyroid tumor develops cancer, but the percentage is very low. So patients do not need to worry. However, it should not be subjective, but you should see your doctor regularly to understand the health situation and detect diseases early to give timely and effective treatment. According to statistics, 1 in 5 people with thyroid cancer have a history of thyroid-related disease.
Diagnosis of benign thyroid tumor
The diagnosis of thyroid tumor eliminates the possibility of causing cancer and captures the health situation, as well as examines some normal functions of the thyroid gland.
Through clinical manifestations such as feeling pain v. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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