Time Of Hepatitis B Vaccination For Children
Vietnam has a very high proportion of people carrying the hepatitis B virus, 10-20% of the population. If a pregnant woman is infected with the hepatitis B virus, up to 90% will pass the disease on to her baby, but if the baby is vaccinated against hepatitis B within the first 24 hours after birth, the risk of infection can be reduced by 85%.
But there are still many questions of mothers around this issue such as: why is it the first 24 hours after birth? is it too early for a newborn to be born? ..
Why should hepatitis B vaccine be given within 24 hours after birth?
- Vaccinating babies in the first 24 hours after birth is the best way to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus. This is especially important because most babies who are infected with the hepatitis B virus from their mothers at birth have a 90% risk of becoming a chronic disease and about 25% of them will die from liver cancer and cirrhosis.
- Hepatitis B vaccination within the first 24 hours after birth has an effective protection against mother to child transmission of 80-85%
In addition, early vaccination against hepatitis B not only works well to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis during birth, but also helps early infants to be protected against the transmission of hepatitis B from other family members. families, caregivers or other children through direct contact with scratches or bleeding.
Even if the newborn is not infected during childbirth, he or she is still at high risk of getting the hepatitis B virus from the mother who is infected by the direct and close contact with the mother.
Can hepatitis B vaccine be given after 24 hours?
It is best to get the hepatitis B vaccine within the first 24 hours after birth, if it is not possible to get it as soon as possible (within 7 days after birth).
Is getting hepatitis B vaccine in 24 hours after birth premature?
Getting hepatitis B vaccine for 24 hours after birth is not the first intervention for a newborn. At the health facility, children still receive vitamin K right after birth, the BCG tuberculosis vaccine is also recommended to be given soon after birth.
As recommended by the World Health Organization and directed by the Ministry of Health, the hepatitis B vaccine should be given to newborns within 24 hours after birth as this is the most effective measure to prevent hepatitis B infection
Many countries around the world have adopted this strategy and have successfully reduced the rate of hepatitis B infection in the community to less than 1%. However, newborns also need time to adapt to the external environment, stable breathing, rosy skin, and good feeding are signs that a healthy child can then be vaccinated while ensuring tell babies to be injected within 24 hours after birth.
What cases should not get hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours after birth?
Before being vaccinated, children need to be examined by a health worker first. Babies are vaccinated for hepatitis B within 24 hours of birth after a good feeding. Premature babies, low birth weight, difficult babies, mothers with fever before, after birth, dirty amniotic fluid, asphyxiated babies, premature fetuses, deformed children ... should be carefully examined to avoid cases Coincidence.
For children who are sick, fever, and acute bacterial infections, the injection should be postponed..
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