Upper Respiratory Tract Infection – Common Disease In Children
Every year, at the end of autumn and early winter, the upper respiratory tract infection (IUD) is in danger of flare up. VĐHHT although a disease does not cause immediate danger, but sometimes its consequences cause many troubles for the patient.
For example, bacteria can enter the bloodstream and cause sepsis, meningitis - serious meningitis. OIs include: pharyngitis, pharynx, nose, laryngitis, VA (Végetation Adenoide), sinusitis .
Manifestations of VĐHHT
VHH is divided into 2 categories: acute and chronic.
The disease usually occurs when there are a number of favorable factors such as changing the weather from hot to cold; rain, tropical depression, drinking too cold or ice, eating ice cream; lying, sitting in front of a cold wind of fan or air conditioner
The first symptom is fever (possibly a mild fever, sometimes high fever with chills), accompanied by fever, coughing, sneezing and runny nose.
Coughing sometimes only wins, sometimes coughing continuously. If the patient is an adult or older child there are symptoms of a sore throat when swallowing, when eating. Runny nose is a common symptom, especially in young children.
When acute TBT without treatment or untreated treatment, it is easy to turn into chronic.
Symptoms of chronic athletes' cough are coughing, sore throat, swallowing a little as if something is in the throat, especially in children, a frequent runny nose (one or both sides of the nose)
Some children with long-term chronic VA have the cause of the blue purulent bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and the mucus that comes out of the nose is often blue in what is commonly called a "blue nose".
In addition to runny nose, sleeping children often breathe through their mouths.
In adults, in addition to the typical symptoms of sore throat, swallowing, there is also stuffy nose (one side or both) due to nasal hypertrophy ... In cases of sinusitis often accompanied by headache symptoms ...
The etiology of BMD
Due to various etiologies, it may be due to weather allergy, to various types of allergens (antigens) present in the air, in dust, allergies or effects of chemicals, cigarette smoke (or smoking).
or breathe in secondhand smoke or pipe tobacco) or pathogenic microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses).
Bacteria include many different species, but there are some bacteria that usually parasitize the upper respiratory tract, which normally do not cause illness but when exposed to favorable conditions, especially when the body's resistance is reduced. Shoot, for some reason the bacteria in the respiratory tract become pathogenic.
Some common bacteria that are parasites in the upper respiratory tract are coccidiosis, especially of which are pneumococcal bacteria (streptococcus pneumoniae); streptococci, especially group A streptococci (streptococus pyogenes); Haemophilus influenzae, B.catarrhalis, bacteriophage Vincent, a number of intestinal bacteria such as E.coli, enterobacter, citrobacter, and even the blue pus bacillus (P.aeruginosa), staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).
In addition to bacteria, there are also fungi such as candida albicans which also cause upper respiratory tract disease, most notably thrush.
Bacterial and fungal infections are quite common in the population community, especially in developing countries and countries in the tropics with hot and humid climates, which are favorable for bacterial and fungal development. .
Whenever diagnosing TBD is determined to be a bacterial cause, if possible, it is recommended to conduct testing with common antibiotics (called antibiotics), to select appropriate antibiotic treatment. to make the disease recover quickly, treatment should not be done so that bacteria are at risk of antibiotic resistance (oily).
In our country, most of the microbiological laboratories of the Provincial General Hospital have implemented antibiotics, which is very convenient for the treatment of BPH caused by bacteria.
Preventing HFMD in the cold season
This is closely related to environmental sanitation, this is a work of everyone, every home, every industry, every level.
For individuals, especially children and the elderly need to wear warm clothes, keep warm on cold windy days.
Need to shower in an airtight closet, preferably with warm water to shower, do not take a long shower, shower after finishing should wipe the hair immediately, I dry and get dressed immediately.
Need daily oral hygiene, children should practice a good habit of brushing teeth before and after waking up.
When you go out, wear a mask to limit breathing in lots of dust, including those that carry both allergens and microorganisms. Absolutely no smoking, pipe tobacco.
Families using charcoal stoves should take measures to minimize the inhalation of toxic gases caused by burning coal. Families using wood stoves, straw, stoves should use a type of low smoke stove.
People who are often infected with RA should be examined for treatment and advice related to the disease..
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