Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy

These bacteria come from the anus, the vagina enters the bladder through the urethra, a local infection called urethritis. Whether you are, are or will be pregnant, there are questions surrounding this.
Why are pregnant women prone to urinary tract infections?
During pregnancy, due to the large volume of the uterus pressing into the ureter dilates the renal pelvis, or due to the reflux of urine from the bladder to the ureter ... causing urine retention - a favorable factor for the micro bacteria (mainly E.coli bacteria) grow. These bacteria come from the anus, the vagina enters the bladder through the urethra, a local infection called urethritis


Urinary tract infections are very common pathologies in pregnant women
The bacteria continue to travel to the bladder, causing cystitis, and eventually spread to the kidneys through the ureter, causing kidney inflammation - acute pyelonephritis.


Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy


4 common urinary tract infections
Common infections: Usually without clinical symptoms. Results of urine tests on two separate occasions showed that there were at least 100,000 bacteria / 1ml of urine. The disease can cause complications of nephritis - acute pyelonephritis with a high rate if not treated promptly.
Low urinary tract infections (acute cystitis): Pregnant women, painful urination, dark urine, sometimes bleeding at the end of the beach, feeling hot and burning when urinating, no fever, tired people. When testing urine, protein is negative. If not treated promptly can lead to nephritis - acute pyelonephritis.
High urinary tract infections (pyelonephritis - acute pyelonephritis): Patients with high fever of 39 - 40oC, fast pulse, chills, fast collapse, lumbar fatigue, low back pain (especially on the right) ), nausea and vomiting, headache, diabetes mellitus, urination, rapid systemic edema, sometimes dizziness due to increased urea, renal dysfunction leading to acute renal failure
In addition, there may be circulatory failure, acute respiratory failure .


Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy

.. This is the most serious illness, if not treated promptly, it can be dangerous for mother and fetus.
Acute glomerulonephritis: Pregnant women have body edema, white edema indented, rapid weight gain (2kg / week), hypertension, little urine, headache sometimes blurred vision, urine albuminuria test. These symptoms can be very easily confused with pre-eclampsia.
Acute renal failure: People with edema, little urine, blood urea test, serum creatinine increased. The disease can cause miscarriage, low birth weight, preterm or stillbirth. The cause can be nourished by anemia, which often occurs in cases of maternal haemorrhage, dehydration, premature peeling vegetables, sepsis.


Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy


There are 4 types of common urinary infections in pregnant women
Causes of urinary infections that pregnant women need to know
Regular urine contains water, salt, residues and asepsis. The organisms in the digestive tract attach to the urethra, produce and cause infection.
The main cause of urinary tract infections is E. coli bacteria from the anus, the vagina enters the bladder through the urethra. This bacterium causes cystitis. If not treated immediately, they spread through the ureter causing kidney inflammation, pyelonephritis.
The reason most pregnant women are susceptible to urinary tract infections is due to the increasing volume of the uterus, which compresses the ureter to dilate the renal pelvis. Or it may also be due to the reflux of urine from the bladder to the ureter, which makes it ideal for bacteria to multiply and grow.


Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy


The habit of drinking less water every day makes urine more concentrated, stagnant and reflux, increasing the risk of infection.
Signs of urinary tract infection during pregnancy
The expression of the initial urinary tract infection is not so clear, so it is easy for pregnant women to think that it is normal changes during pregnancy. Therefore, when experiencing the following signs of urinary tract infections, the mother is not subjective, but should see a doctor immediately to be diagnosed correctly.
Back pain and abdominal pain can also be a sign that a pregnant woman has a urinary tract infection
Some of the symptoms may include:
Urinating many times, painful urination, burning when urinating
Back pain, abdominal pain and pelvic pain
Nausea and vomiting are very similar to morning sickness
Shivering, feverish
The risk may occur for pregnant mothers
Untreated urinary tract infections can pose a great risk to pregnant women.
The most serious urinary tract infections are nephritis, acute pyelonephritis. This condition causes high fever, tachycardia, fatigue, vomiting ...


Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy

can make pregnant women weakened leading to respiratory failure, circulatory failure, even causing premature birth, fetal death in the womb is extremely dangerous. .
Methods of treatment of urinary tract infections in pregnant women
Urinary tract infections greatly affect the health of both pregnant women and their unborn babies. Therefore, timely detection and treatment of diseases is extremely necessary.
Take your medication and follow your doctor's instructions for effective treatment
Mothers should regularly check urine samples during prenatal visits to prevent and detect disease early.
In case of illness, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Follow your doctor's instructions, take the correct dose, and take enough doses to cure the problem.

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