What Do You Eat To Keep Me From Being Disabled?
Birth defects are abnormalities in a baby's appearance and function when born, leading to physical and mental disabilities. They are also the leading cause of death in infants under 1 year of age.
With proper nutrition for mothers and nutritional supplements both before and during pregnancy, some of the thousands of birth defects can be prevented.
According to Jennifer K. Nelson, clinical nutrition director and associate professor of nutrition at the Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester, Minn, USA, "In mothers' diet if vitamin B9 deficiency is known, folate or folic acid, can lead to nervous system malformation in the newborn ”.
Nervous system defects such as spina bifida and mental retardation are brain and spinal cord development problems that usually begin during the first trimester of pregnancy.
When an infant has a spina bifida, the spine is unstable, leading to nerve damage and paralysis of the legs. When a child with cerebral palsy, that child becomes a burden of society
Getting adequate folic acid before and during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, may prevent nervous system defects.
The dietary intake (DRI) to get 400mg of folic acid per day can be from multivitamins or foods containing folate - the natural form of folic acid. Folate-rich foods include leafy greens, whole grains, orange juice, peas and fruits.
Another vitamin that is needed in preventing nervous system defects is vitamin B12. Women need 2.4mg daily and during pregnancy is 2.6mg. Vitamin B12 is found in dairy products, meat, poultry and eggs
Like folic acid, women need to meet their own vitamin B12 requirements before conception and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of nervous system defects for the baby.
Women with low vitamin B12 levels are those with intestinal disorders that interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 and those who eat little or no meat, eggs and dairy products.
Women who have a poor or restricted diet are also at risk of having a baby with a nervous system malformation. Nelson said: "The mother's calorie intake is extremely important because the needs of the fetus are very high."
Congenital diseases are caused by improper diets
Congenital heart disease: Pregnant women who have diets that are deficient in vitamin B2 and vitamin B3 are at risk for their children to have congenital heart disease, especially when they eat a lot of saturated fat.
Dairy products (low or no fat to avoid saturated fat), liver and green vegetables are good sources of vitamin B2. And vitamin B3 is found in chicken, whole grains, fish, liver and nuts.
Abdominal cracking: A poor diet is a contributing factor to the appearance of a birth defect called a cracking, in which the newborn's abdominal wall has cracks or tears.
Women who eat less protein or zinc and who have low body mass index (BMI) are at risk of having a baby with a crunch.
Insufficient nutrients and smoking during pregnancy can also cause cramps.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): Women with a diet low in vitamin B12, vitamin E, and calcium are more likely to have children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
A congenital hernia with a part of the organ covering the abdomen over the chest causes severe respiratory failure. You should take a lot of vitamins to minimize the risk of this disease.
Cleft palate: This is a congenital malformation that occurs when the tissues of the fetal lips or palate do not grow with the development of pregnancy. Children with cleft palate often do not have enough tissue in the mouth and this tissue does not connect properly to form the palate.
Women who do not have a proper diet or are not provided with enough nutrients are capable of giving birth to cleft palates. Lack of folic acid and vitamin A is the cause of this disease.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): Nelson warns that pregnant women should avoid drinking alcohol to prevent the birth of a baby with fetal alcoholic syndrome. According to Nelson: "Babies born with this syndrome are underdeveloped both physically and mentally."
Providing the right amount of nutrients is important for both mother and baby. According to Nelson: "Prenatal vitamins are essential." Iron and calcium supplements are especially important for fetal development.
Nelson also warned that: "A poor maternal diet not only increases a child's risk of birth defects but also contributes to preterm birth."
Nelson stressed: "Nutrition is very important." Pregnant women need to remember that they are eating for two and their diet plan affects the baby's health later.
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