What Do You Know About Children’s Physiology?
Science has recognized the psychological changes of the child right from the fetus. From the 7th month, the hearing organ begins to operate. The fetus lives with a sound background of about 90 dB in the womb, accustomed to the sounds of mother and father outside. This time, the taste buds were also complete; the fetus recognizes four basic flavors: sweet, salty, bitter and sour; especially sweet.
The leather wrap around the baby's whole body also helps the baby to pick up the swinging sensations, so the mother and the baby get to know each other by rhythm
In the first weeks, the child's nervous system is immature. Babies do not have a light and dark rhythm, are inhibited by factors in the new environment, so they may sleep a lot, cannot stand strong noises, or cry. The receptor is now lips, mouth. Babies have many physiological reactions: sucking hands, refusing to eat, bedwetting, vomiting, diarrhea. At this time, the baby only breastfeeds, expressing all feelings through the feeding. The life of mother and son now cannot be separated. Through suckling, mother and child understand each other, understand each other kind of pre-language
In the first 3 months, children sleep a lot, usually wake up at 6 am and then sleep again after being breastfed and taken care of.
By 8 am, children stay up, 10-12 hours to sleep again. Afterward, the child wakes and then sleeps again from 2 to 4 pm, until 7 pm again. In short, children only eat and sleep.
At this time, children rely on their mother, their nerves may not be complete. But later, the number of sleep times and the amount of sleep lessened, the children played more. Children gradually distinguish between light and dark. Curiosity develops, the period of understanding the outside world begins. The child moves from being held to a cradle, a personality is formed, has all the characteristics of a person and is about to be separated from the mother.
Many people believe that children depend on their mothers until they are over 1 year old. But according to the researchers, the baby had an earlier independence. Therefore, it is necessary to schedule early sleep for children. After 4 months, children can distinguish between eating, sleeping, playing, night and day and find a more limited time. Schedule a 6-month sleep schedule. At first, the child can resist, but 3 months later, the child responds immediately.
Less than 4 months, children can sleep, carry anywhere. But from 4 to 9 months, it is harder for children to sleep in crowded and noisy environments.
Therefore, children are more likely to lack sleep, more tired than before, and must have early sleep schedules. Usually from 1 year of age, the child stops breastfeeding and leaves the mother. Due to neurological development, children want to explore the outside world.
The motor organ also begins to develop, toddlers, or strokes, tramples, moving from what we call sensory (sensory things by sensation and movement of limbs) to thinking.
Pediatric Professor Mahler calls this the love of the outside world, beginning to appear at the age of 10-15 months. Because of that, at this time, the thought of children dispersed, more difficult to sleep, only when tired, the child would sleep. The total amount of children sleeping day and night are few. Babies fight sleep due to being infatuated with new discoveries.
Therefore, the mother has to bend to hold the baby to sleep.
About 1-2 years of age or older, due to developmental senses, children are aware of society and the surrounding universe, find themselves big and independent, want to separate from their mother but not far from their mother. Children know how to walk and want to explore the world around them. The mother who sees her being "undisciplined" is both happy and worried about her accident, wanting to put her in good shape. So psychologically, my mother and I don't understand each other easily.
From 2 years of age, children know fear. Nervousness has developed, personality has formed, there have been discoveries about the world around them so children find themselves too small compared to the vast space around them. First, the baby feels fear for no reason, then he is afraid of losing his mother, away from his mother, afraid of no one to rely on (other than at 1 year old, he is mingled with his mother).
This fear is similar to the feeling when going abroad, the language does not know, nor money the translator goes again.
This is also the time a child is transferred from a cradle to a bed. If the bed is too big, empty, quiet and dark, the fear increases. Therefore, parents should be with their children when they are awake, and come as soon as they have woken up. Around the bed, the wall of the house should hang and display many things (toys, dolls ...) to increase the coziness, reduce the natural fear of children.
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