What Is Dry Cough?

A dry cough (a cough without a phlegm) can be caused by breathing in foreign objects (food) or secondhand smoke, or it may be caused by a throat, bronchial irritation when a common cold is a symptom of a disease: bronchial asthma, gastroesophageal reflux ...
For dry cough is a symptom of a disease that requires treatment of the cause. Some people who use ACE inhibitors to treat high blood pressure can also cause a dry cough, which will stop when the medication is stopped. If a dry cough does not identify the cause or treat the cause of the illness but does not go away, a cough suppressant is needed.
Commonly used drugs:
- Dextromethophan is a cough suppressant that acts on the cough center in the brain, used to relieve cough due to minor irritation in the bronchus and throat such as the common cold or inhalation stimulants, especially effective in treating treat chronic dry cough. The drug has low toxicity but if used in high doses can cause central nervous system depression


- Codeine (opioid derivative): works to relieve coughs in cases of mild dry cough.


What Is Dry Cough?

However, codeine is not effective enough to alleviate cough in severe coughing cases.
In addition, codeine also has analgesic effect in cases of mild and moderate pain. Common side effects when taking the drug are constipation (due to drugs that reduce bowel motility, need to use more laxatives), sedation and drug dependence
- Combined drugs (atussin, decolsin, rhumenol ...): In addition to active ingredients that reduce coughs such as dextromethophan, these drugs also have antihistamine ingredients, substances that reduce nasal congestion. So only use these drugs when coughing is accompanied by a stuffy nose

- Cough lozenges: For this drug should check the sugar composition of the drug when used (especially in patients with diabetes).


What Is Dry Cough?

It is also possible to use supportive treatment with herbal-based cough medicines such as cough syrups..

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