What Is Liver Enzymes? What Is The Normal Liver Enzyme Index?
The liver is one of the large internal organs and is very important in the body. The liver not only has the function of metabolizing and breaking down nutrients, but also purifying and eliminating toxins from the body. Liver enzymes play the most important role in all processes of the liver. So what is liver enzymes, role, function, indicators of liver enzymes like .
What is liver enzymes?
In the liver, there is a very complete system of enzymes including: AST, ALT, GGT, .
.. which helps the liver to eliminate toxins, helps to perfect, synthesize and metabolize substances such as lipids, carbohydrates. , protid ..., these enzymes are collectively known as liver enzymes
The role of liver enzymes
The liver plays a very important role in the metabolism of food, in addition to its purifying and eliminating toxins accumulated in the body.
Nutrition from food after being absorbed and taken to the liver, the liver cleanses and converts it into the nutrients that are suitable for the body, and also removes the toxins out.
When the body shows signs of instability, the liver is usually the most affected part. At this time, the enzyme index is abnormal. Enzymes in cells are released and dissolved in the blood so the blood will contain a certain amount of liver enzymes, more and more accumulated, higher than normal.
By testing the liver enzyme index, it shows the level of liver damage as well as the health status of the patient. If detected early, there will be effective treatments, lowering liver enzymes to a stable level. If left untreated for a long time or not detected in time, the condition will get worse and worse, then the treatment will not be effective.
Liver enzymes play an important role in food metabolism
What is the normal liver enzyme index?
After a liver function test (an indicator of liver enzymes) is indicated, the patient will be informed of the current liver condition.
The measure of liver enzymes is understood to indicate the degree of liver failure or function loss.
The liver enzyme level is considered normal when it does not exceed the allowed level. There are 4 common liver enzymes that doctors designate as ALT, AST, GGT, LDH, divided by gender and age, so the accuracy is almost absolute. The index is given as normal as follows:
- ALT (also known as GPT) is normally limited to 5-37 UI / l
- The AST (also known as GOT) index is normally limited to 5-40 UI / l
- Normal GGT limit is 5-60 UI / l
- The ALP index is normally limited to 35-115 UI / l
In some cases, tests of upper liver function such as ALT and AST may be higher than normal, but not too high (2.3 times higher), it is still considered normal. GGT index if higher than 1-2 levels will not affect liver function and patients are not too concerned about health.
How much is the elevated liver enzyme index?
In contrast to the above normal liver enzyme index will be an increase in liver enzymes, also known as elevated liver enzymes. The elevated liver enzyme index when increased by 1-2 times is at a mild level, from 2-5 times is the average level and rises when 5-10 times higher, as follows:
Hepatic enzyme index AST (GOT) ALT (GPT) GGT LDH
Slight increase of 40-80 UI / L 40-80 UI / L 40-80 UI / L 40-80 UI / L
Average increase of 80-200 UI / L 80-200 UI / L 80-200 UI / L 80-200 UI / L
Elevated> 200 UI / L> 200 UI / L> 200 UI / L> 200 UI / L
High levels of liver enzymes are more likely to lead to cirrhosis, especially for people with weakened health conditions and poor resistance to infections, such as hepatitis and liver cancer.
So if diagnosed with elevated liver enzymes, patients should be very careful as well as timely examination, counseling, treatment, not to make the condition worse.
GGT test assesses liver enzyme index
What is the GGT liver enzyme index?
The liver enzyme index GGT, which stands for Gamma Glutamyl transferase, is one of three liver enzymes that play an important role in the diagnosis of cholestasis. GGT has a higher index than the other 2 liver enzymes because it is very sensitive to changes in cholestasis. This increase is a sign of liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis, alcoholic liver damage, viral hepatitis or more serious liver cancer.
Evaluating liver enzyme indices by GGT test
In case of appointment of GGT
Usually GGT test is indicated for patients in the following cases:
- People who use too much alcohol, stimulants, alcoholic beverages, or tobacco addicts are assigned a GGT test to assess the extent of liver damage.
- People with symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, bloating, jaundice, yellow eyes, dark urine, skin rashes, itchy skin, blood vessels like spider webs.
- People using too many treatment drugs.
- People with a history of diseases related to the liver or liver enzymes.
People want to screen for liver cancer.
Test results of GGT index
Patients taking samples and testing for about 1 hour will have results on the GGT index. If the GGT index is within the range of 5-60UI / L, that is <60UI / L h. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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