What Is The Hepatitis C Diagnostic Test? Who Should Get Tested?
A hepatitis C diagnostic test is needed especially for people at high risk. Because this is a disease with very dangerous complications.
Who should get tested for hepatitis C?
All adults ages 18 to 79 are recommended to be tested for hepatitis C, even if there are no symptoms of liver disease. Screening for hepatitis C is especially important for people at high risk of exposure:
People who inject drugs themselves;
People with abnormal liver function test results without determining the cause;
Babies born to mothers with hepatitis C;
Medical personnel inadvertently come into contact with blood or contaminated blood needles;
People with haemophilia;
Those undergoing long-term hemodialysis treatment;
People who have had a blood transfusion or organ transplant;
Having sex with more than 1 sex partner or partner who is at risk for hepatitis C;
People with HIV;
People aged 55 and over;
Anyone who doubts himself is at risk.
People with a history of or on dialysis are among those who should be diagnosed with hepatitis C
Diagnostic tests for hepatitis C
Blood tests to check for the following:
Antibodies to HCV
These are proteins that the body makes when the hepatitis C virus is present in the blood. They usually appear about 12 weeks after infection.
It usually takes a few days to a week to get results.
If the result is negative, there is no hepatitis C virus
If a positive result indicates that the patient's blood contains hepatitis C antibody, that person is ill.
If the antibody test is positive, the patient needs additional tests as follows:
RNA: Measure the amount of viral RNA (genetic material from the hepatitis virus) in your blood or viral load in your blood. They usually appear 1-2 weeks after being infected. The results can help diagnose the patient's condition and to what extent.
Liver function tests: Liver function tests (LFT) or liver enzyme tests help your doctor know how well your liver is working. Test for liver enzymes because when infected, the enzyme will increase after 7-8 weeks. This is only part of the diagnosis because, in many cases, elevated liver enzymes indicate another condition of the liver or people with hepatitis C but normal liver enzymes
Tests after diagnosis
When a patient is aware of hepatitis C, the doctor will conduct further tests to learn more about the condition, such as:
Genotype test to find out which of the six (genotypes) types of hepatitis C patients have.
Tests to check for liver damage:
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
Magnetic resonance elasticity (MRE);
These test results will help your doctor decide which treatment is appropriate.
X-rays are one of the diagnostic measures of liver damage done after the test
Measures to prevent the risk of hepatitis C infection
Hepatitis C can be transmitted through blood. Just contact with a small amount of blood is enough to infect.
Do not share needles
Sharing needles, drug paraphernalia or injecting equipment can transmit hepatitis C.
Avoid direct contact with blood or blood products
Avoid direct contact with blood especially medical staff. All blood products should be safely handled and disinfected to prevent infection.
Do not share personal items
Personal items that are at risk of blood contact such as razors, toothbrushes, manicures, scissors, etc. are all capable of transmitting hepatitis C virus.
Especially needed to keep these tools out of reach. children's hands.
Tattoos, piercings safety
Need to choose a tattoo address, piercing reputable, licensed, hygiene procedures, safe disinfection. Should be loyal to an address, avoid unlicensed, unsanitary or safe addresses.
Hepatitis C is rarely sexually transmitted but can be transmitted through bloody contact, multiple sexual partners, rough sex or sexual partners like HIV, sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, etc.
Blood donation needs to be checked
Most infected people do not show symptoms in the early stages. Many people only find out when they happen to have a blood test. Therefore, blood donors need to be tested or tested before using blood sources for blood transfusions or surgery.
Is there a hepatitis C vaccine?
There is no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection. Research and clinical trials are still underway.
However, hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccinations can be administered to help protect the liver from damage.
Stay healthy to prevent hepatitis C
You should make lifestyle changes to stay healthier like stop drinking alcohol; eat healthy foods rich in fiber to reduce the load on the liver; avoid drugs that cause liver damage or consult your doctor about the risk of liver damage when using any medicine and regular exercise helps keep your body healthy. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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