What Is Yellow Skin? How To Cure?
Adults with yellow skin not only exhibit yellow skin, but also yellow mucous membranes, conjunctiva. People with jaundice should not be subjective because this is a warning symptom of hepatobiliary diseases and other related diseases.
The cause of jaundice
Obstruction of the biliary path
Extrahepatic biliary tract tumors, Vanter ball cancer, biliary tract cancer are diseases that lead to obstruction of biliary tract. Signs of biliary obstruction are increased by atypical liver cramps with high fever.
High risk subjects for early pancreatic cancer are men over 60, a history of chronic pancreatitis or diabetes, symptoms of fatigue, impaired physical condition, increased biliary obstruction and jaundice
Biliary tract cancer in the liver
When biliary tract cancer is present in the liver, the symptoms of jaundice are gradual and associated with a congenital abnormality in the bile ducts such as the bile duct cysts, primary biliary tract inflammation.
The typical symptoms of gallstones are pain, fever, and jaundice of the Charcot triangle
Gallbladder stones obstruct the bile ducts leading to jaundice
Injury to liver cells
Hepatocytes are damaged when suffering from diseases: acute viral hepatitis, acute alcoholic hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis, at this time the jaundice manifests quite clearly, discolored stool, painless enlarged liver, increased transamilase enzyme elevated, bilirubin increases and is accompanied by manifestations such as pruritus, urticaria and fever.
Jaundice due to anemia, congenital hemolysis or erythrocyte, in addition to erythrocytes The red blood cell membrane is directly destroyed as in malaria, due to the red blood cell deformity as in sickle cell disease or the secondary decrease in red blood cell strength.
What is yellow skin?
Red blood cell disease
The excess of bilirubin is produced normally when circulating in the blood, causing liver cells to not be able to metabolize this large amount of bilirubin, leading to the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood causing jaundice.
It also leads to the destruction of erythrocytes including sickle cell disease, thalassemia, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, hemolytic uremic syndrome, malaria or tissue hematoma.
The disease is related to liver cells
The liver cells are affected and do not receive bilirubin, are excreted and eventually become stagnant in the blood, which leads to jaundice in adults. In addition, the level of bilirubin in the blood increases because the liver cells are destroyed or reduced in number.
Specifically, diseases related to liver cells include:
Acute hepatitis: virus, bacteria or alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases that cause hepatitis, causing liver cell damage;
Cirrhosis: scar tissue replaces the organ of the liver which affects liver function, cirrhosis is difficult to detect until liver function is worse
Metastatic cancer in the liver
Rare genetic conditions after birth can cause jaundice such as Crigler-Najjar syndrome, Dubin-Johnson syndrome and Rotor.
Jaundice is a sign of liver diseases
Diseases related to bile duct
Usually bile fluid containing bilirubin will follow the small bile duct in the liver to the bile duct, if the bile duct is narrowed or blocked, the bile fluid will flow into the bloodstream, causing jaundice.
When bile forms in fluid form, stones will form, when gallstones form in the gallbladder, it does not cause any problems, but if gallstones come out of the gallbladder and become trapped in the bile ducts, the bile cannot enter the intestine and penetrate Blood causes jaundice
Obstruction of bile fluid may be due to pancreatic cancer
Acute pancreatitis leads to edema that blocks the flow of bile fluid, which will also cause jaundice
Hepatitis causes obstruction of the bile ducts leading to jaundice
Gallbladder cancer develops causing obstruction of the common bile duct
Primary cirrhosis causes biliary tract inflammation and some drugs reduce the flow of bile fluid, eliminating bilirubin causing jaundice.
Jaundice can be caused by the use of drugs that cause inflammation of the bile ducts, drugs that interfere with the metabolism in the liver cells and the bile ducts of the process of creating and excreting bile through the intestinal tract, which also causes yellowing. The skin due to the components of bile with bilirubin is left in the body.
Diagnose the cause of jaundice
The doctor based on the patient's history can make an initial diagnosis of the cause of jaundice.
Patients who drink a lot of alcohol lead to alcoholic liver disease
Drug addicts can lead to viral hepatitis
Patients taking the drug will experience jaundice due to the drug
When patients with abdominal pain may due to obstruction of gallstones
When there are any signs of the disease, patients should also go directly to health facilities to be examined by a doctor directly. Physical examination will give a thorough examination, especially abdominal examination.
Diagnostic tests for jaundice will be done including:
Bilirubin quantitative assay identifies causes of increased bilirubin jaundice which will cause hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes will cause hepatitis
Alka phosphate test to diagnose biliary obstruction
Abdominal ultrasound: Investigate abdominal organs to detect tumors in the liver or gallstones
CT Scanner detects u g.
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