What Kind Of Medical Equipment Should A Person With Diabetes Have?
Diabetes (diabetes) is a chronic disease and needs to be treated for life, to achieve good results, the patient desperately needs the support of some medical equipment.
Personal blood glucose meter
- Diabetes target of diabetes before meals is between 3.9-7.2 mmol / l and after meals (2 hours) is less than 10 mmol / l. This is considered a safe blood sugar area to avoid complications of diabetes.
However, when the blood sugar is outside the upper range (eg 8.0 - 15.0 mmol / l), many patients also do not see any special symptoms
0mmol / l.
- Patients with newly diagnosed diabetes, high blood sugar or newly changed treatment regimen should measure blood sugar 2-4 times / day. When your blood sugar is well controlled, you need to measure it at least twice a week.
Note that when sick, fever or diarrhea ... people with diabetes need to measure blood sugar more often
- There are many different types of personal blood glucose meters on the market. In order to have a good device and high accuracy, diabetics must pay attention to choosing gauges from reputable companies (ISO standards), representative offices in Vietnam and the machines must be fully warranted. lifetime.
It is best to consult with your treating physician about which device is appropriate. Do not buy "portable" blood glucose meters because the quality is not guaranteed and it is difficult to buy test strips later.
A blood test or a urine test strip
(Patients with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes patients with poor blood sugar control need a tole test):
- In people with too high blood sugar will produce ketones, high concentrations of ketones in the blood can cause severe acidosis and coma. Therefore, if blood glucose is above 15.0 mmol / l, it is necessary to measure blood glucose, if blood sugar is high, need more aggressive treatment or consult a doctor immediately.
A personal blood glucose meter can now be used to measure blood flow (but with a separate test strip).
- Another, simpler but less accurate method is to quantify the ureter in urine by using a dipstick in the urine and estimating how much or not the ureter is based on the degree of discoloration.
- There are many reasons people with diabetes should have a home blood pressure monitor. First, according to studies, over 60% of diabetics have hypertension and it is the hypertension itself that is an important cause of death as well as promotes kidney failure and blindness in diabetics.
The other reason is that hypertension in diabetics is difficult to control, even when 2-3 antihypertensive drugs are used. Finally, due to hypertension, even very high rise, there is often little manifestation, so if not measured, it is easy to overlook.
- There are many types of blood pressure monitors for diabetics to choose. In addition to the type of blood pressure meter as a physician, there is also an electronic (automatic) device that measures arterial blood pressure at the wrist, which is very simple and convenient.
Another is a semi-automatic machine that also measures arm arterial blood pressure but has a table showing the measurements. Types of automatic and semi-automatic meters also indicate the heart rate and have the ability to store a few dozen measurements.
- Patients with hypertension should measure blood pressure at least 2 times / day, in the morning and afternoon. In addition, they should also take additional measurements when headache, dizziness ... or when suspected high blood pressure.
- High blood sugar will inhibit the activity of the immune system in the body.
Plus the cardiovascular, neurological, eye complications ... makes people with diabetes very susceptible to infections, including serious infections such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, leg ulcers, sepsis. Patients who are elderly or have many complications will have a very poor and quiet reaction to the infection.
Therefore, if you see persistent coughing, urination, urination or have a small ulcer in your leg or simply look at abnormally long high blood sugar, you should immediately check to see if you are infected. . The easiest way is to take a thermometer to see if you have a fever.
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