What Should I Eat And Abstain From Hepatitis B?
Currently there are no measures to completely eliminate hepatitis B virus from the body but can only be treated to prevent the virus from multiplying, reducing the concentration of viruses in the blood, damaging liver cells and lowering liver enzymes. Besides preventing complications of cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer. For the highest results of treatment, patients should follow the doctor's treatment regimen, have a reasonable lifestyle and most importantly need a scientific diet.
Nutrition guidelines for hepatitis B patients
Nutrition principle: energy is 25Kcal / kg of weight, protid 0.4-0
The daily intake structure should be as follows: Energy needs 1,300-1,400 Kcal / day, protid amount from 20-30 grams, lipid from 15-20 grams, glucid 250-280 grams, water from 2-2.5 liters
The period of chronic hepatitis can last very long and the patient is now weakened.
So they will not tolerate meals with too much fat, many foods or sudden changes in climate and environment.
Nutrition principle in chronic hepatitis will be higher: energy is 35Kcal / kg body weight / day, protid 1-1.5 g / kg body weight / day, lipid from 15-20% of total energy , eat 3-4 meals / day.
About the structure of the diet / day: the energy needs from 1,800-2,000 Kcal / day, the amount of protid from 50-75 grams, lipid from 30-40 grams, glucid 310-340 grams, water from 1,5-2,0 liters .
Having hepatitis B should split up meals and drink plenty of water
Foods that people with hepatitis B should eat
Good protein foods like meat, fish, eggs, milk ..
Protein is essential for the body.
All activities of the body need the presence of protein. For people with hepatitis B, protein provides essential nutrients for the sick.
Foods rich in vitamins such as fruits, apples, pumpkins, tomatoes ...
Vitamins are essential nutrients for everyone, they help the body's immune system to grow. A well-nourished immune system will increase the ability to treat hepatitis B.
Easy-digesting foods like soup, porridge, soup, yogurt .
When the body is infected with hepatitis B, it is important to prioritize this food group because it helps the liver to avoid overloading.
This is a food group that provides vitamins and fiber. But vitamins in vegetables are easily lost during cooking, so care should be taken to preserve this vitamin.
Food groups with suitable starch content such as wheat flour, rice, soy sauce, black beans, chickpeas ...
This is a great food group for people with hepatitis B, they contain a lot of energy to help the body. improve hepatitis B.
Vitamin rich foods are suitable for people with hepatitis B
Foods that people with hepatitis B should not eat
As the highest cholesterol food, this substance seriously affects the function of the liver when it has hepatitis B such as obstructing bile secretion, reducing the process of detoxifying toxins, not converting all fats. , easily lead to fatty liver and complication into cirrhosis.
Food with too much protein like goat meat, tortoise
These foods are rich in protein and vitamins necessary for the body, but they are hot and difficult to digest. People with hepatitis B should not take these foods.
Shrimp and other types of sea fish:
Although this food source is very high in protein, it is not very high in cholesterol and mercury, causing the liver to work harder to metabolize all these substances as well as eliminate toxins.
Bamboo Shoots - Ginseng:
Bamboo shoots are rich in fiber but contain toxins that are harmful to the liver, besides bamboo shoots are difficult to digest and have a negative impact on the metabolism in the liver.
Ginseng works to increase the body temperature, but the temperature of people with hepatitis B tends to increase. So people with hepatitis B eat ginseng, the risk of internal bleeding is very high.
The greasy dishes:
The amount of fat in these dishes is plentiful, which affects liver function because when the liver is damaged, it will not be able to metabolize the fat effectively, leading to fatty liver. Therefore, people with hepatitis B should avoid these foods to prevent liver disease from getting worse.
Not everyone who drinks a lot of alcohol will have liver disease, but most people with liver cancer drink alcohol quite often or even abuse them. Hepatitis B is the foundation for developing liver cancer. The more people who have hepatitis B drink alcohol, the more they have to work, and the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer increases..
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