What To Do When A Hypo?
Hypoglycemia is a term used to refer to a lower than normal blood sugar level and can have serious consequences if you do not know how to handle it promptly.
What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is a term used to indicate a lower than normal blood sugar level (the sugar here refers to the type of glucose and the normal level is prescribed from 3.9 to 6.4 mmol / liter) .
In the blood, glucose is delivered throughout the body to nourish the institutions that guarantee a normal life.
Glucose is the body's main source of energy and is also an extremely important and essential fuel for the nervous system and brain organization, when blood sugar is lower than normal (hypoglycemia) will greatly affect. Great to the functions and activities of the human body.
What is the cause of hypoglycemia?
There are many causes of hypoglycemia, including combination causes, with separate causes, in which the cause of diabetes hypoglycemia accounts for a significant proportion
Harmonizing blood sugar is caused by the two types of insulin hormone and glucagon produced by the pancreas: insulin reduces glucose and glucagon increases glucose.
The regulation of these two hormones is very rhythmic, for example after a pancreas meal secretes insulin to help the cells get the glucose they need.
When there is excess glucose in the blood, it is used as fuel of muscles or accumulated in the liver.
Conversely, when the body has low glucose, the glucagon is immediately excreted from the pancreas and helps the liver to release stored glucose.
In diabetes, because the body does not produce enough insulin or does not respond well to insulin, it increases the amount of glucose in the blood.
In addition, the cause of hypoglycemia is due to: Eating not at the same time (eating late compared to the normal meal) or skipping meals for some reason; Eat inadequate amounts of carbohydrates (basically, starches).
People who have excessive activity such as exercise, sports (running track, swimming, mountaineering, cycling, etc.), heavy labor; Drinking lots of alcohol, beer, especially when you are hungry
When hypoglycemia, the patient feels hungry, sudden tiredness, trembling hands, feet, dizziness, sweating, pale face.
What to do when a hypo?
The most important thing is to know for yourself or the neighbors (family members, roommates, classmates) that they often have symptoms of hypoglycemia or have had hypoglycemia once.
The first and very important thing is always available sugar or sugary products such as candy, cakes, chocolates, sugary soft drinks ... in the bag, in pairs so that when hypoglycemia occurs can be used immediately.
If hypoglycemia due to diabetes should follow the instructions of the physician in the use of medication and daily diet, especially eating enough carbohydrates, eating snacks, eating more vegetables .
Should exercise regularly and properly.
According to SK & GD.
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