Where Is The Cramp?
Cramping or cramping is a sudden, involuntary muscle spasm that causes intense pain in a muscle, making movement difficult. Cramps can occur in any muscle, but are common in the muscles of the lower legs, thigh and hip muscles, hands, feet and abdominal muscles. Muscle contractions can take anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes, but often occur again.
When often cramps?
So far, science still doesn't know what causes cramps. It is thought that it may be due to excessive exercise, due to the state of calmness so long as when sleeping at night, when sitting for a long time does not change position. The disease usually occurs at night when sleeping or after exercise, using muscles for a long time continuously. The disease occurs at any age, but is more common in young people and people over the age of 60.
Due to prolonged standing during the day on a hard floor, muscles are inactive and rigid
Abnormal foot shape such as no curvature of the instep, heel flat on the ground, making muscles always tense.
The body is dehydrated.
Obesity puts your legs under constant weight.
Wearing too tight shoes, too high heels.
Dehydration, salt loss due to diarrhea, loss of sweat lead to electrolyte imbalance.
Due to the side effects of some statins, prednison, diuretics reduce potassium and magnesium
Having diabetes, Parkinson's disease, low blood sugar, red blood cell deficiency, thyroid disease, kidney dialysis
Circulatory disorders, vascular disease of the lower limbs when walking a lot ..
It often cramps in the sixth month of pregnancy and lasts as the belly gets bigger and bigger.
Causes of cramps during pregnancy may be due to: lack of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium; because the muscles in the lower legs must carry the weight of the upper body; as the fetus and uterus grow, the muscles and ligaments stretch; The weight and size of the pinched uterus affect the blood vessels in the lower limbs.
Restless legs syndrome
Is a disorder of the movement of the legs for which the cause is unknown. Patients experience discomfort and tingling as if something was crawling under the skin, especially when sleeping at night or sitting for long periods. To relieve this discomfort, the person must constantly move their legs by walking and stretching their legs.
It is thought that due to nervous system disorders, dopamine deficiency in the brain, inherited genes or iron deficiency mineral body. There are several factors associated with this syndrome: sex (more common in women than in men); age (the disease is very rare in adolescence, more than in the age of 65); family factors (2/3 of the patients are related to the family and usually occur before age 40); pregnant women (about 20% of pregnant women with this disorder, but after the disease is out); dialysis (many patients on dialysis because of kidney failure also have this syndrome, but after this kidney transplant, the disease is gone); osteoarthritis, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, hypothyroidism, erythrocyte deficiency, muscle disease, spinal cord brain injury; deficiency of iron, magnesium, folic acid ...
; fatigue, lots of stress, too long exposure to cold; smoking, drinking, drinking a lot of coffee ...
Cramps after exercise
Commonly found in large muscles such as the legs and thighs.
Being tired, working too long, too hard, moving when the weather is too hot or too cold, losing salt reduces the concentration of K, Mg, Na, Ca.
Lactic acid deposits in muscles after a lot of exercise.
Disorders of the signal transmission between nerves and muscles so although the brain wants muscles to relax after contraction, muscles continue to contract causing pain. Accordingly, people who sit for a long time or sit for a long time without changing their posture also suffer from spasticity.
Methods of treatment and prevention of cramps
Normal cramps do not last long and do not cause serious consequences. However, if cramps occur while driving, operating machinery, there may be accidents, cramps while swimming can drown patients. Remedy for cramps is: gently massage the muscle. If you have cramps in a banana, gently stretch your muscles in the opposite direction: pull the tips of your toes and table up toward the ceiling, toward your knees.
In case of a thigh cramp, you need to have someone else straighten your legs, one hand to raise the heel, the other hand and press the knee down. If you have muscle cramps in your ribs, take a deep breath to relax your diaphragm, while gently massaging the muscles around your chest.
You can take a hot bath to relax your muscles. Take a leisurely bike ride for 5-10 minutes before going to bed.
Should wear shoes that fit your feet, heels are not too high. Wear elastic stockings slightly pressed into the blood vessels to avoid blood stagnation in the veins of the lower extremities. Can treat cramps with the following types: quinine sulfate, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, vitamin E, muscle relaxants, veramil hydrochloride, chloroquin phosphate ...
Prevent cramps by: drinking adequate water before, during and after exercise, before going to bed at night. Relax your muscles before and after each workout. Practice stretching your legs in the morning and evening before going to bed: stand straight 15cm away from the wall, heel on the ground; Keep your heels on the ground, recline.
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