Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?

Laryngeal cancer is the type of head and neck cancer that has the second highest number of patients in the head and neck cancer (after arch cancer).
Every year, only in the tumor department of the Central Otolaryngology Hospital, the number of laryngeal cancer patients is discovered up to 600 people.
Laryngeal cancer is a malignant tumor originating from the lumen of the larynx (including 3 layers) or in the lobe of the larynx.
When the tumor spreads into the lower throat, it is also called laryngeal cancer.
Who is at risk of laryngeal cancer?
Laryngeal cancer is most common in men. If 100 laryngeal cancer patients were diagnosed, up to 95 men were male.
It is thought that smoking is one of the favorable factors to form a laryngeal cancer. The combination of drinking and smoking habits increases the risk of laryngeal cancer significantly


Occupational factors are also involved in increasing the likelihood of laryngeal cancer, especially those working in chemical plants, mines with nickel, amiante, chrome .


Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?

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In addition, oral, ear, nose and throat infections, malnutrition, vitamins, and chronic laryngitis are also considered as the role of favorable factors due to changing normal status. of the cylindrical epithelial lining of the hairs is hairy and has secretory glands.
Keratosis (kératore), leucoplasie, papillome (papillome) of vocal cords are considered precancerous because about 15 - 40% of these cases develop into cancer. larynx.
The common age is from 40 to 69
However, the recent period also detected laryngeal cancer patients at the age of 22.


Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?


Laryngeal cancer typically presents as hoarseness. This symptom usually does not affect the life of the patient, so they are subjective and should rarely visit the doctor at an early stage.
The voice of laryngeal cancer is hoarse, hard, persistent and increasing. Medical treatment does not help, increasing to the level of very hoarse, timid, tired and other signs of late: dry cough, then coughing up mucus and blood.
Pain in the neck, in front of the larynx, can spread pain to the ear. Discomfort in the throat, feeling like something is out of place. When the cancer has become too large, it causes laryngeal breathing. When the tumor spreads out of the larynx to the lower throat causes swallowing, choking, pain, swallowing.


Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?

Some patients have middle cervical lymph nodes.
Looking, touching the area in front of the larynx, the cartilage in the stage of spreading out before feels hard like a turtle's shell and loses its spine.
Physical examination for toxic status of cancer or second tumor attached.
Examination of the larynx pay attention to warts, ulcers or keratosis infiltrates, white leukoplakia of vocal cords and the movement of funnel cartilage. When the tumor spreads to the lower throat - it is called laryngeal cancer.
Treatment
- Early stage: Cutting vocal cords.
- Late stage: Cut off the partial or larynx; Surgical removal of attached lymph node; Postoperative radiation; Combined chemical treatment.
Female consultation
Attention should be paid to improving the general health and immune status.


Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?


Patients with laryngeal cancer always ask the physician a question, "Will my condition be like?". To answer this question, a physician must know the stage of the disease, depending on the choice of the right and thorough treatment and depending on the ability of each person to cure the disease.
If laryngeal cancer is detected early, the patient's prognosis after 5 years can reach over 70%. Bad prognosis for the appearance of 2nd cancer. Late stage: patients may be exhausted, poisoned by cancer.
Community counseling: For men over 40, hoarseness lasting more than two weeks that do not subside with drug therapy, a visit to an ENT facility is needed to rule out laryngeal cancer.
For cases diagnosed as papilloma, leukoplakia or laryngeal papilomia in people over 40 years old, regular examinations by appointment (every 6 months) are required for early detection of laryngeal cancer.
Attention should be paid to the psychology of people who are afraid of cancer, so they may sometimes refuse to go to the clinic early or refuse treatment.


Who Is Susceptible To Laryngeal Cancer?

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