Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?

Blood and urine tests will provide your doctor with important information about your medical condition as well as uncovering dangerous issues during your pregnancy or delivery.
Blood tests
Why is a blood test needed during pregnancy?
Blood testing is an important step in the process of nursing a woman. Based on the test results, doctors will assess the health status of the woman and the development of the baby.
In addition, based on the above results, doctors also make predictions about the risk of pregnancy and prepare for a safe delivery. Early detection of risks will help to be more proactive in making appropriate and timely intervention plans to minimize unfortunate risks.
Blood tests during pregnancy include:
Blood type test
Testing for Rh factor
Complete blood count
Blood glucose test
Testing for iron content
Testing for bacteria and viruses such as HIV, syphilis, Rubella, hepatitis B, ..


Some other tests depend on the actual situation
Although these tests do not require complete testing, you should conduct them to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy, to help detect and treat problems that arise.


Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?

can be dangerous for both mother and baby.
Blood testing is an important step in the process of nursing a woman
The time when pregnant women need blood tests
Usually there is no mandatory requirement that pregnant women be tested for blood. However, a blood test is actually necessary for pregnant women, especially during the first 3 months.
In addition, at around 28 weeks of age, when registering for birth at some hospitals, pregnant women need to conduct blood tests to check the blood group, blood coagulation or some blood diseases. , ..
in order to best prepare for the process of overcoming later
Blood test procedure
The best time to have a blood test is in the morning and before the test is done, the mother needs to fast to ensure the most accurate results.


Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?


The process of taking blood is extremely fast and simple. In some cases, you may feel some sting or bruising at the injection site but it will go away quickly so there is no need to be too worried.
Indications of necessary blood test of pregnant women during pregnancy
Blood group
Testing to identify blood types (A, B, AB, O) will be very helpful for pregnant women in the event of an urgent blood transfusion, for example if you have heavy bleeding (bleeding) during pregnancy. or birth.
Rh factor
Rh factor testing helps identify pregnant women who are Rh + (positive) or Rh- (negative). Normally, the proportion of people with Rh + blood type accounts for the majority and Rh- is relatively rare.
In some cases, when a father has Rh + and a pregnant mother has Rh-, the baby is more likely to have Rh + (this is a blood type disagreement between mother and child). As a result, the mother's body will produce antibodies that cause red blood cells in the fetus to be destroyed, causing serious damage to the fetus.


Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?


Therefore, knowing this problem will help doctors to inject Rh immune globulin into the mother's body to minimize the risk factor for the baby.
Control anemia
The doctor will advise pregnant women to have a blood test to check for anemia at the beginning of pregnancy and another test around 28-34 weeks. Severe anemia will affect the development of the fetus, while mild anemia will make the mother tired.
Blood testing is practically necessary for pregnant women, especially during the first 3 months
The content of iron in the blood
During hematopoiesis, iron is an indispensable important component. Iron deficiency anemia is extremely common during pregnancy. Early detection through testing will help pregnant women quickly replenish the iron content needed for the body.
Blood tests help detect certain diseases
HIV
The HIV virus will cause AIDS, infections during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Treatment for mothers significantly reduces the risk of transmission to the baby and that is why pregnant women are advised to have a blood test.


Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?


Hepatitis B
If the virus is transmitted to a baby, it will cause liver disease. However, if a mother is found to be positive for hepatitis B virus, the baby will be vaccinated after birth to prevent getting sick.
Rubella
Also known as German measles, Rubella affects 90% of newborns if the mother is ill in the first 3 months.
Diabetes
If you are at risk for gestational diabetes, you need a glucose tolerance test between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. A blood test is conducted after you have been drinking a sweet drink.
Syphilis
Another sexually transmitted disease that, if left untreated, can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. Pregnant women will have a blood test to check for syphilis. If detected early, the disease can be cured with antibiotics.


Why Are Blood And Urine Tests Taken During Pregnancy?


Warning of risk of Down
Between weeks 10 and 18 of pregnancy, have a blood test for pregnant women.

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