Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives

What are contraceptive barriers?
Contraceptive barrier devices are physical or chemical barrier devices that prevent sperm from passing through the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes, making it impossible to fertilize an egg. Some tools also work to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
What are contraceptive barrier devices, and how are they effective?
The table below lists contraceptive barrier devices and their contraceptive effectiveness:
What is spermicide and how is it used?
Spermicides may come in foam, cream, gel, or tablet form (will begin to melt after vaginal placement) or film (thin sheet). Spermicides may be used with other barrier devices except birth control foam (because it contains spermicide). Spermicides should be placed in the vagina, near the cervix, not more than 30 minutes before intercourse, and must remain in that position for 6-8 hours after sex. Spermicides should be used new for each sex.
Figure 1: Spermicide foam, cream, film or tablet form
Benefits, risks, and side effects of using spermicide?
Benefit:
Easy to use.
Not expensive, and can be purchased without a prescription


Does not affect women's natural hormones.


Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives


Can be used while breastfeeding.
Risk:
Using spermicide alone will not help prevent sexually transmitted diseases like HIV.
Regular use of spermicide may increase your risk of contracting HIV from an infected partner. Spermicides should only be used when you are at low risk for getting HIV.
Possible side effects: allergies, vaginitis.
What is a condom and how is it used?
Condoms come in two types: men's and women's. A male condom is a thin condom made of latex (rubber) or polyurethane (flexible plastic) or a natural film (from an animal) that is worn on a man's penis during an erection
Condoms made of latex or polyurethane provide the best protection against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.


Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives


A female condom is a small condom placed along the vagina, held in place by two closed rings, one inside the cervix, and one outside the vaginal entrance. Time to put condoms into the vagina can be up to 8 hours before sex. Female condoms can help protect a part of sexually transmitted diseases.
Both types of condoms should be used with lubricant to avoid tearing the condom and reduce discomfort. Condoms made from latex granules should only be used with water or silicone lubricants, as an oil lubricant will weaken the latex membrane resulting in a condom that breaks easily.
Benefits, risks, and side effects of condom use?
Benefit:
Cheap, can buy easily.
Small and compact, so it can be put in a pocket or purse.
Does not affect women's natural hormones.


Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives


Can be used while breastfeeding.
Latex and polyurethane condoms provide the best protection against sexually transmitted infections.
Female condoms can be put into the vagina 8 hours before sex.
Risk: none.
Possible side effects: allergic reaction to latex or polyurethane.
What is a sponge and what is it used for?
Contraceptive foam is a donut-shaped device made from soft foam covered with spermicide. This device is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix. This device can be purchased without a prescription.


Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives

However, it does not help prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, contraceptive pads should be used with a male or female condom if you are at risk of getting these diseases.
Figure 2: contraceptive foam pad
Benefits, risks, and side effects of using contraceptive foam padding?
Benefit:
Can be purchased without a prescription.
Can be stored in a purse or pocket.
Does not affect women's natural hormones.
Each contraceptive pad contains enough spermicide for multiple intercourse within 24 hours.
Can be used while breastfeeding starting at 6 weeks postpartum.
Risk:
Cases of toxic shock syndrome have occurred in a small number of women using IUDs.


Benefits And Risks Of Contraceptives


Contraceptive foam should only be used when your risk of getting HIV is low. Regular use of spermicide increases the risk of HIV infection from an infected partner.
Possible side effects: vaginal irritation, or allergic reaction to polyurethane, spermicide, or sulfite (which are substances found in the birth control sponge).
What is a diaphragm and how is it used?
The diaphragm is a small, dome-shaped device that fits inside the vagina and covers the cervix. This device is used with spermicide, made from latex or silicon particles. Using this device requires a doctor's prescription and needs to ensure proper size for each person. Used only.

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