What is emergency contraception?
Emergency contraception (also known as postpartum contraception) is the use of several methods to prevent unintended pregnancy after unprotected sex or insufficient protection. This is not a method of abortion, so it is not effective if you are pregnant.
What forms of emergency contraception are available?
There are currently two common ways to avoid emergency contraception: using medication (also called the pill the next morning) and copper-containing intrauterine device (IUD).
What are the types of emergency contraception?
There are three types of emergency contraception:
The drug contains only progestin.
Combination high-dose contraceptives.
Progesterone receptor regulators.
How to use a progestin-only medicine?
Progestin-only emergency contraceptives are the most commonly used, and Levonorgestrel is a drug approved by the U.S
There are 2 ways to use:
Single dose: single tablet: levonorgestrel 1.5 mg.
Double dose: take 2 capsules every 12 hours: levonorgestrel 0.75 mg every 12 hours.
The drug must be taken within 120 hours, however, the sooner it is used, the more effective it is. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the contraceptive rate of this method is about 52-94%. May be used more than once in the same menstrual cycle
How does progestin-only emergency contraception work?
The mechanism of action of emergency contraception is not known clearly, mainly preventing ovulation, so it does not work if you are pregnant and have not seen any dangerous effects for the fetus.
Pediatric if the mother has used emergency contraception.
What is combined emergency contraception?
The combined use of birth control pills including progestin and ethinyl estradiol in combined, higher-than-usual birth control pills is also called the Yuzpe formula.
When used in higher doses than the usual dose, combined birth control pills work to prevent ovulation from occurring.
The drug is taken in 2 doses and 12 hours apart.
However, this method is not as effective as progestin-only contraceptives and has many side effects, so very little is used today.
Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you how many pills you need to take, depending on the medicine you have. You can also view this information at:.
What is emergency contraception with progesterone receptor regulators?
Progesterone receptor regulators such as mifepristone, ulipristal acetate (UPA), in which ulipristal acetate 30 mg is used for emergency contraception in the US and European countries and is recognized, however mifepristone is only used in Central Quoc and a few countries in the world.
Ulipristal has a contraceptive effect within 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected sex. The drug has a contraceptive effect similar to emergency contraceptives containing only progestin.
Because the effects of repeated use of ulipristal are unknown, the drug should be used only once during a menstrual cycle. Non-hormonal contraception, such as condoms, should also be applied after taking uliprisal until the next menstrual period.
How to use emergency contraception?
Use of Ulipristal and oral contraceptives in combination with high doses requires a doctor's appointment. Progestin-only birth control pills are available at drugstores, and can be discussed with your pharmacist.
Even though you've used emergency contraception, you can still get pregnant during this period if you have unprotected intercourse. Therefore, use other contraceptives, such as condoms, until your period returns.
You can also start taking birth control pills, using birth control patches, or vaginal rings right after taking emergency contraception, but you still need to use another method of birth control until you have it. business back.
What are the side effects of emergency contraception?
Nausea and vomiting can occur after taking progestin-only birth control pills and a combination of high doses. The most common side effects are menstrual disorders, irregular bleeding or bleeding, usually menstruation may be earlier in the group of women using birth control pills that contain only progestin compared to the ulipristal group. For your peace of mind. In addition, there may be transient side effects such as:
Abdominal pain and cramps.
Is emergency contraception safe?
Emergency contraception is used only for short-term doses, so it is safe in the group of women who recommend not to use the conventional combination dose contraceptive pill. However, it should not be used as long-term contraception.
Do I need to see a doctor after using emergency contraception?
There is no need for examination or examination after using emergency contraception. However, you should see a doctor if you are late to check to see if you are pregnant.
What if I am pregnant?
Currently, there is no evidence to suggest that emergency contraception causes too much. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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