Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch

What is hormonal contraception?
Besides the method of taking birth control pills and using intrauterine devices containing hormones, there are a number of other methods of contraception: implants, injections, rings and patches.
How does hormonal contraception work?
Hormonal contraceptives work by releasing hormones to prevent ovulation. The cervical mucus thickens, making it difficult for sperm to meet with eggs. The thinner endometrium makes it difficult to keep the fertilized egg attached to the endometrium.
How effective are these methods?
Surveyed, for every 100 women using this hormonal contraceptive method the number of pregnant women in the first year is (this survey does not count when a person performed improperly or discontinuously a method. hormonal contraception):
Contraceptive implants: fewer than 1 pregnant woman.
Contraceptive injection: 3 pregnant women.
Vaginal contraception: 8 pregnant women


Contraceptive patch: 8 pregnant women.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch


Do hormonal contraception help prevent sexually transmitted diseases?
Hormonal contraception does not help prevent sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV (see article "Prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STDs)"). Men or women should use condoms to prevent the risk of disease.
What is a contraceptive implant?
The contraceptive implant is a single bar about the size of a match. The doctor will place the implant under the patient's skin using a specialized method.
What are the benefits, risks and side effects of a contraceptive implant?
Benefit
The implant has a contraceptive effect for 3 years.
If you want to get pregnant again, the implant can be easily removed from the body and the fertility can return to normal immediately.
The implant can be used for women who are breastfeeding

Risk
Although rare, pregnancy while using a contraceptive implant increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch


Risks of inactivation, such as implantation are too deep.
Side effects
Abnormal bleeding
Weight gain.
Mood swings
Headache.
Acne
Depression.
What is birth control?
An injection of medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) has a contraceptive effect for 3 months. Medroxyprogesterone acetate is a type of progestin.
How often does the injection occur?
Contraceptive injections must be done every 3 months by your health care provider, and you should get the injection as scheduled. The first injection is usually done within the first 5 days of your menstrual cycle.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch


What are the benefits, risks and side effects of contraceptive injections?
Benefit
Contraceptive injections can reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.
Contraceptive injections can reduce migraine headaches.
Contraceptive injections can be used for breastfeeding women.
Risk
Many women and adolescents develop osteoporosis when injecting hormones. This phenomenon disappears when the injection is stopped.
DMPA injections can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, like smoking, elderly women or women with diabetes, all risk of cardiovascular disease after DMPA injection. This risk can last for some time even after stopping the injection. Women with a history of stroke, blood disease, or high blood pressure may also be at risk for cardiovascular disease while using this method.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch


Side effects
After stopping DMPA injection, it takes about 10 months or more for you to get pregnant again.
There may be abnormal bleeding within the 6 to 9 months of application of this method.
Weight gain.
Headache.
Stress.
Dizziness.
Weakness or fatigue.
What is the vaginal ring?
The vaginal ring is a flexible, plastic ring inserted into the vagina.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch

The vaginal ring releases estrogen and progestin. You do not need to go to a health facility to have a vaginal ring, but you still need a doctor's appointment. Within the first 7 days after vaginal placement, you should use another preventive contraceptive method, such as a condom.
How to use the vaginal ring?
The vaginal ring is placed for 21 days, removed for 7 days and continue to be inserted. Menstruation will occur in 7 days without this ring. For continuous contraceptive effect, replace every 3 weeks with a new one.
What happens if a vagina is missed?
If the vaginal ring is slipped open, you should use another method of contraception within 7 days. If it is constantly slipping, you should switch to another method of contraception.


Hormonal Contraceptives: Implantation, Injection, Insertion And Patch


What are the benefits, risks and side effects of the ring?
Benefit
May help relieve pain during menstruation.
It can improve acne and reduce hair growth too quickly.
Continuous use (i.e., every three weeks) may help reduce menstrual migraine.
Risk
There is a possibility, though rare, to cause deep vein thrombosis (DVT), myocardial infarction and stroke (women who smoke cigarettes significantly increase the risk of developing this complication), gallbladder stones and tumors liver.
This risk is higher in some cases, including women over 35 who smoke more than 15 cigarettes a day or.

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