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What is contraception?
Contraception is the prevention of pregnancy, also known as controlled birth. Most of us know about methods like birth control pills and condoms. However, there are several other options. When thinking about using birth control, talk to your doctor. The choice of contraception will depend on the state of health, the need to protect against disease as well as the beliefs and preferences of each individual. Of course, when looking for contraception, keep in mind that all methods are only really effective when you use them consistently and correctly.
Which contraceptive method is appropriate?
The chosen method of contraception will depend on the needs of each individual. Some cases just prevent unwanted pregnancy

Others want to protect themselves and their partners from certain sexually transmitted diseases.


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These diseases are called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Some STIs include immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Chlamydia, Human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, genital warts and syphilis.
Talk to your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of each birth control method.
Is saying "no" to sex really a contraceptive option?
It's correct. No contraceptive method is 100% effective. The risk of getting pregnant or getting STIs can be heavier than the satisfaction that comes from having sex.
The only way to ensure that you don't get an unwanted pregnancy, not make anyone pregnant or get STIs, is to have absolutely no sex

Contraception by barrier methods
Contraceptives that block semen from entering the uterus.


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Includes vaginal diaphragm, cervical cap, contraceptive sponge and condom. The barrier method must be used every time having sex.
The woman must see a doctor to choose a suitable vaginal diaphragm or cervical cap.
Using a vaginal diaphragm, cervical cap or contraceptive sponge can increase your risk of urinary tract infections in some cases. Others may be allergic to these methods.
Are condoms a good choice?
Right. Condoms are not too expensive and very popular. Condoms can also be combined with other contraceptives.


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This is a good option if you and your partner have had sex with other people or both have had sex with other people in the past.
Of all barrier methods, condoms are the best option to protect you from STIs. Using spermicide with a condom may help you avoid pregnancy, but it does not increase the protective effect against STIs. Spermicides containing nonoxynol-9 may cause genital irritation and increase the risk of STIs.
Female condoms are not as effective as male condoms, but it is a good choice if men do not want to use condoms.
Contraception by hormonal methods
The main contraceptive mechanism of hormonal methods is to prevent ovulation (the release of eggs from the ovaries). This is done by introducing the hormone estrogen and progestin (or just progestin) into the body. This method must be prescribed by a doctor, including birth control pills, patches, vaginal rings, implants, contraceptive injection and intrauterine devices (which contain hormones).


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What is birth control pills?
This is the birth control pill that is taken orally. To be effective, it must be taken daily. Most women take their pills at regular intervals every 4 weeks (1 month). Some birth control pills reduce the number of cycles from one cycle per month to 1 cycle every 3 months.
Some of the common side effects of birth control pills are nausea, headache, acne, hypertension, chest pain, flatulence, weight gain and depression. However, not all cases of medication have side effects. Usually, several types of birth control pills must be tried before finding a suitable one.
The drug can reduce uterine contractions and reduce the number of menstrual periods.


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Birth control pills are also helpful for women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Women who choose to use birth control pills should not smoke. Smoking increases the risk of serious side effects, especially thrombosis.
What is a contraceptive patch?
These are thin, flexible contraceptive patches that you can stick on your arms, buttocks, epigastric or chest (but not the breast). One piece per week, for 3 consecutive weeks. At week 4, you do not paste and you will have your period.
Side effects of the patch are similar to birth control pills. Breast discomfort is common during the first 2 months of use.


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The skin where the patch is applied may be irritated. Women who use this method should also not smoke, which increases the risk of some serious side effects such as thrombosis.
What is a vaginal ring?
A thin, flexible ring placed into the vagina to prevent pregnancy. The ring is placed for 3 weeks and then removed, it can be placed in any position.

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