Contraceptive Methods Of Contraception: Spermicide, Condom, Contraceptive Sponge, Vaginal Diaphragm And Cervical Cap
What is a barrier method of contraception?
The barrier method of contraception acts as a barrier to prevent a man's sperm from meeting a woman's egg. Some barrier methods of contraception also protect the body from sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). Several barrier methods of contraception, such as spermicide, condoms, and birth control pads, can be purchased at most drugstores. Other methods of contraception (such as vaginal diaphragms and cervical caps) are only available on doctor's prescription.
The effectiveness of barrier methods of contraception
The barrier method does not work as well as contraception compared to other methods such as contraceptive implants, injections or intrauterine devices (IUDs). Each year, out of every 100 women, there are 18 to 28 pregnant women who use barrier methods of contraception. These methods work best when used properly every time you have sex. Even just once having sex without using barrier methods can lead to pregnancy
What is spermicide and how to use it?
A spermicide is a chemical that inactivates sperm. Most spermicides in the United States contain a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Spermicides may be used alone or in combination with other barrier methods except for birth control pads that already contain spermicide. There are many different types of spermicide, including soap, cream, gel, tablet and film.
When used alone, spermicide should be inserted into the vagina close to the cervix. You need to wait 10-15 minutes after putting spermicide to start working. You should also read the medication instructions carefully to know when to put spermicide into your vagina before sex
Therefore, you must reset the medication after each sexual intercourse. Do not douche or attempt to remove spermicide for at least 6 hours after placement.
What are the benefits, risks and side effects of using spermicide?
Spermicides are easy to use and can be purchased at many different pharmacies
Less expensive than other contraceptives
Does not affect a woman's natural hormones.
Do not affect the milk supply if you are breastfeeding.
Risks and side effects:
Spermicides can cause burning and vaginal irritation. Some people are allergic to spermicide.
Spermicides containing nonoxynol-9 do not protect against STIs, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and may increase the risk of contracting HIV from an infected partner if used. Use several times a day.
Spermicides should only be used if you have only one sex partner and both have a low risk of getting HIV.
What is a condom and how to use it?
Condoms act as a physical barrier that prevents sperm from entering the uterus and reaching the egg. Currently there are two types of condoms:
A male condom is a thin film made of latex, polyurethane (plastic) or natural (animal) films that are wrapped over an erect penis when having sex. Latex and polyurethane (plastic) products give you the best protection against STIs, including HIV.
A female condom is a thin, plastic bag lining the vagina. It is held in place by a closed loop inside the cervix and an outer ring in the vaginal opening. It may also protect you from some STIs.
Using a combination of condoms and other methods, such as spermicide, is the best way to prevent pregnancy and prevent STIs.
Condoms should be used with lubricants to prevent them from being torn or broken and to reduce irritation. Use only water-based or silicone-based lubricants with latex condoms and do not use male and female condoms together. Throw condoms away after use.
Benefits, risks and side effects of condom use
Condoms are cheaper than other methods of contraception and can be purchased in many stores.
Does not affect a woman's natural hormones.
Can be used immediately after giving birth and does not affect the milk supply if you are breastfeeding.
Condoms from latex and polyurethane provide the best protection against STIs.
Female condoms can be inserted into the vagina up to 8 hours before sex.
Risks and side effects:
Some people who are allergic to latex or polyurethane may have a reaction.
What is a birth control sponge and how to use it?
The contraceptive sponge is a circular device made of soft foam that contains spermicide. It is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix and keep sperm from getting inside the uterus. Spermicides also cause immunity. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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