Postpartum Sterilization

What is sterilization?
Sterilization is a method of permanent contraception. Sterilization in women is done by tying the fallopian tubes, meaning the fallopian tubes are closed, preventing eggs from moving down the fallopian tubes to the uterus and preventing sperm from meeting with the eggs (see sterilization for men and Female).
What is postpartum sterilization?
Postpartum sterilization is performed immediately after birth.
Which postpartum sterilization method is most popular?
The most frequently used method for postpartum sterilization is a tubal ligation. For women who give birth naturally, a small incision is made in the abdomen (this procedure is called a small opening of the abdomen). For women having a caesarean section, postpartum tubal ligation may be done through an incision in the abdomen that is incision at pregnancy.
Illustration: Tie a fallopian tube
When can postpartum sterilization be performed?
After delivery, the fallopian tubes and uterus are still open and just below the abdominal wall below the navel. Postpartum sterilization is best done before the uterus returns to its normal position, usually within a few hours or days after birth

For women who have had a caesarean section, it is done right after the baby is born.


Postpartum Sterilization


Postpartum sterilization is done like?
Postpartum sterilization is done by general anesthesia, general anesthesia or local anesthetic, then a small incision under the navel. For a caesarean section, the fallopian tube is tied through the caesarean section. Fallopian tubes will be lifted higher through the incision, then cut and tied with a special thread. Finally the incision was sewn up and bandaged.
How long does sterilization take after birth?
The operation is done in about 30 minutes. Usually, early sterilization immediately after birth will not extend the mother's hospital stay.
Postpartum sterilization is at risk?
In general, tubal ligation is a safe form of birth control, with little risk of death or complications
The most common complication is a general anesthetic.


Postpartum Sterilization

Other risks include bleeding and infection.
What are the side effects of postpartum sterilization?
Side effects may vary depending on the type of anesthetic used and how the procedure is performed. Patients may experience abdominal pain and fatigue. The following side effects may also occur, but are uncommon:
Dizziness
Nausea
Shoulder pain
Abdominal cramps
Full stomach
Sore throat (from a breathing tube if general anesthesia)
If the pain persists for a few days, or the pain worsens, or the patient has a fever, seek medical attention immediately.
What factors should be considered when choosing a sterilization method?
Decisions on sterilization methods include consideration of the following factors:
Individual's decision
Physical factors, such as weight
History of illness
In some cases, obesity or a history of surgery may also affect the choice of sterilization method. Patients should be fully aware of the risks, benefits, and other options when deciding to perform sterilization.
Interpretation of terms
Caesarean: birth by performing incisions in the abdomen and on the wall of the uterus of the mother.
Fallopian tube: The organ that carries the egg from the ovary to the uterus.


Postpartum Sterilization


General anesthesia: Using medication creates a state similar to sleep to cause pain during the surgery.
Local anesthesia: Anesthetic medicine that removes pain in certain parts of the body.
Small abdominal opening: A small incision in the abdomen is made during sterilization by ligation of the fallopian tubes.
Postpartum sterilization: The method of permanent contraception is made immediately after birth.
Regional anesthesia: The use of local anesthetics to cause loss of sensation in certain areas of the body.
If you have questions, contact your obstetrician.

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