Sterilization For Women And Men

What is sterilization?
Sterilization is a permanent contraceptive. The female sterilization procedure is called tubal ligation, the male sterilization procedure is called a vasectomy.
How does tubal ligation prevent pregnancy?
The fallopian tube will close the fallopian tube (Fallope tube). This prevents the egg from moving through the fallopian tube into the uterus and prevents sperm from meeting.
What is the effect of female sterilization?
Sterilization is a highly effective method of birth control. Only less than 1 in 100 women who do this method will become pregnant within a year. After 10 years, the average pregnancy rate is less than 1 to less than 4 in 100 women, depending on the type of method used.
Does female sterilization protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?
Female sterilization does not help protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Male and female condoms should be used to protect against these infections if you are at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases (see How to prevent sexually transmitted infections).


Sterilization For Women And Men

education).
Are there any risks associated with female sterilization?
A common risk for all female sterilization methods is that if pregnancy takes place, there is an increased chance that it will be an ectopic pregnancy. However, the risk of ectopic pregnancy in women who have sterilized is lower than in women who do not use any contraception. There are also other risks depending on the sterilization technique.
Female sterilization is conducted like?
There are 3 ways to conduct a female sterilization:
Abdominal surgery through small incisions,
Laparoscopy,
Endoscopy of the uterus
Abdominal surgery through small incisions - A small skin incision is made on the abdominal wall. The fallopian tubes are taken out through the skin incision, then tied with a device called a "clip" or, more commonly, a small segment of each fallopian tube. This method is often used to sterilize women after having a baby

Laparoscopy - This is a type of surgery that uses an instrument called a laparoscope to see the pelvic organs (see sterilization by laparoscopy).


Sterilization For Women And Men

The fallopian tube is closed using a device that goes through the endoscope or with another device that is put through a second small skin incision.
Hysteroscopy - Hysteroscopic sterilization does not require abdominal skin incision. It can be performed only with local anesthesia in a clinic (See the article Sterilization via hysteroscopy). Small tools are placed into the opening of the fallopian tube. This device will create scar tissue and cause clogged tubes. It takes 3 months later for scar tissue to form. During this time, you must use other methods of contraception. A test called an uterine uterine x-ray must be done to make sure that the uterus is clogged before you do not use any other contraception.


Sterilization For Women And Men


Laparoscopic laparoscopic surgery (photo courtesy: sunflowerhospital.in)
How do vasectomy prevent pregnancy?
A vas deferens is a pair of tubes that carry sperm from the testes. When the vasectomy is cut, the tubes will become sticky, cut, tied, or locked to prevent sperm release. Preventing sperm release helps prevent eggs from being fertilized by sperm.
What is the effect of vasectomy?
The contraceptive effect after a year of vasectomy is slightly higher than that of female sterilization. Like female sterilization, male sterilization does not prevent transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
How is a vasectomy performed?
Through one or two small incisions on the scrotum skin, each vasectomy is pulled out to form a circle. Cut off a small part of the circle.


Sterilization For Women And Men

The two ends are tied and tied together by heat, creating scar tissue and clogging the tube. Each tube is then placed back into the scrotum. This technique only requires local anesthesia and does not require skin cut. This procedure may be performed with local anesthesia at the medical facility.
How long does a vasectomy work for?
It takes 2-4 months for sperm to no longer contain sperm. Your partner must use another method of contraception or avoid intercourse until the sperm count test shows no sperm in the semen. In this sperm test, the sperm count will be counted in a sample of semen.
Efficacy and risk of vasectomy
The vasectomy is thought to be safer than the uterus of the uterus in female sterilization and requires local anesthesia.


Sterilization For Women And Men

And there is no risk of ectopic pregnancy if the vasectomy fails. The risk of vasectomy includes very little bleeding and infection. More severe complications are rare.
Can reproduction be restored after sterilization?
Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception - not reversible. Before performing this procedure, you (and your partner, if you agree) must make sure that you do not want to have children in the future. If you change your mind after sterilization, b.

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